Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Action-monitoring and Intention Reporting in Children with Autism

By J. Russell and Elisabeth L. Hill

Abstract

The “mindblindness” theory of core cognitive impairment in autism and at least one of the executive theories of the core cognitive deficit both predict that children with autism should find it difficult to report what their intention was when it diverged from an outcome. The former predicts this because it takes intention reporting to require a “theory of mind” and the latter predicts it because the theory posits an impairment in the monitoring of goal-directed actions. The latter also predicts impairments in the ability to monitor basic actions. Our three studies failed to support either of these views. Experiment 1 demonstrated intact abilities in the monitoring of basic actions (detecting which stimulus of a number of stimuli one is controlling). Experiment 2 demonstrated intact abilities in reporting an intention, both for self and for another agent, when the outcome was unintended but desired. In Experiment 3, using the novel “transparent intentions task”, we found (with a minor qualification) intact ability in reporting on nonballistic intended actions when the result that the action achieved was unexpected. The implications of these results for views of the relation between theory of mind and executive difficulties in autism are discussed

Topics: C850, C840, C800, C820
Year: 2001
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.gold.ac.uk:2633

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1996). Agency. Its role in mental development.
  2. (1994). American Psychiatric Association.
  3. (1995). Arboreal clambering and the evolution of self-conception.
  4. (1997). Autism as an executive disorder. Oxford: Oxford Universtiy Press.
  5. (1997). Autism as an executive disorder. Oxford: Oxford Universtiy Press. Russell,J.(inpress).Cognitivetheoriesofautism.InJ.Harrison & A. Owen (Eds.), Cognitive de®cits in brain disorders.
  6. (1993). Autistic children's difficulty with mental disengagement from an object: Its implications for theories of autism.
  7. (1999). Brief report: Speci®c executive function pro®les in three neurodevelopmental disorders.
  8. (1982). British Picture Vocabulary Scale.
  9. (1998). Causal mechanisms of autism: Unifying perspectives from an information-processing framework.
  10. (1999). Development of theory of mind and executive control.
  11. (1985). Does the autistic child have a ``theory of mind''?
  12. (1978). Efference copy and corollary discharge: Implications for thinking and its disorders.
  13. (1994). Evidence for executive dysfunction in autism.
  14. (1991). Executive function de®cits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind.
  15. (1997). How executive disorders can bring about an inadequate ``theory of mind''.
  16. (1997). How executive disorders can bring about an inadequate ‘‘ theory of mind’’. In
  17. (1995). Intention, language and mental representation: Young children and Searle's deviant causal chain. Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development,
  18. (1998). Intentionand knowledgeinpreschoolers' conception of pretend.
  19. (1997). Is there a ``language of the eyes''? Evidence from normal adults, and adults with autism or Asperger syndrome.
  20. (1995). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind.
  21. (1996). Planning problems in autism at the level of motor control.
  22. (1955). The child ’s construction of reality.
  23. (1955). The child's construction of reality.
  24. (1992). The cognitive neuropsychology of schizophrenia.
  25. (1990). The effect of instructions on view-speci®city in young children's drawing and picture selection.
  26. (2001). The execution of arbitrary procedures by children with autism.
  27. (1983). The modularity of mind.
  28. (1987). Three-yearold's difficulty with false belief: The case for a conceptual de®cit.BritishJournalofDevelopmentalPsychology,125±137.
  29. (1987). Three-yearold’s difficulty with false belief : The case for a conceptual deficit.
  30. (1993). Understanding desire and intention by children with autism.
  31. (1998). Understanding intention in normal development and autism.
  32. (1997). Validity tests of the executive dysfunction hypothesis of autism. In
  33. (1990). Wishes and plans: Children's understanding of intentional causation.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.