Comparison of four microbiological inhibition tests for the screening of antimicrobial residues in the tissues of food-producing animals


The study compares two existing microbiological inhibition tests, Screening Test for Antibiotic Residues (STAR) and Premi®Test with two recently introduced tests, Nouws Antibiotic Test (NAT) and Total Antibiotics for the screening of antimicrobial residues in the tissues of food-producing animals. In the negative or positive sample classification based on inhibition of the growth of test strain sensitive to many antibiotics and sulphonamides, out of 142 samples obtained from slaughterhouses and retail operations, 39 samples yielded a positive result in one or more tests: 4 samples in four tests, 14 samples in three tests, 13 samples in two tests, and 8 samples in one test. As for the numbers of observed positive samples, the descending sequence of tests was: STAR, Total Antibiotics, Premi®Test, NAT. The growth inhibition was observed in three out of seven test strains, namely Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Kocuria rhizophila ATCC 9341, and Bacillus stearothermophilus var. calidolactis. Considering the test strains sensitivity and no inhibition on the Bacillus pumilus NCIMB 10822 NAT test plates, our preliminary conclusion is that the animal samples are suspected for the presence of tetracycline, macrolide, and b-lactam antibiotics

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oaioai:doaj.org/article:3a5ed0e7fd2c44849c9aa3d61d8e726fLast time updated on 10/13/2017

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