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Fertilizer effect Azolla - Anabaena in maize (Zea mays L.)

By Aldás-Jarrín Juan Carlos, Zurita-Vásquez José Hernán, Cruz-Tobar Saul Eduardo, Villacís-Aldaz Luís Alfredo, Pomboza-Tamaquiza Pedro Pablo and León-Gordón Olguer Alfredo

Abstract

The deterioration of natural resources in agricultural activities, has motivated the search for new alternatives to enrich the soil with macro and micro nutrients sustainably, for the benefit of future generations, just as you think about the conservation and maintenance of water, avoiding eutrophication problems by the accumulation of fertilizers (nitrates and nitrites) leached and deposited in natural sources, for this purpose they have been measured several agro ecological options that provide proper nutrition and a delicate ecological balance; in this investigation at field level in maize cultivation and different states it applied dose of azolla as a natural source of nitrogen to enrich the soil in the canton Cevallos, Tungurahua province. Anabaena floors of the town, based on the state of azolla and the level established for such preparation, the states of azolla. Six mixtures were prepared substrates azolla studied were: Dry A1 and A2 in the fresh state; the doses were established in relation to the volume of azolla against soil volume used: (0.5: 1) (0.75: 1) and (1: 1). The data collected were plant height and percentage of nitrogen in dry matter at 15, 30, 60 and 90 days. All this in order to establish the amount of nitrogen contributed by azolla as biofertilizer in growing corn. The best results were presented at the A1D3 (azolla dry-Dose 1: 1) treatment given plant height 15.02 cm at 15 days, 35.88 cm 30 days, 53.22 cm 60 66.12 days and 90 days; to 0.54% nitrogen percentage at 15 days, 0.90% at 30 days, 1.68% at 60 days and 2.08% after 90 days. In conclusion, the use of Azolla as a bio-fertilizer rich in nitrogen is feasible, as has been demonstrated in this research that the corn plant benefits from the contribution of this material, improving sustainable agricultural practices. It is recommended to expand this research in the same crop or other commercially important crops until the end of its production cycle, to report the results of these

Topics: Bio nitrificante, fixation, Kjeldahl method, treatment, dose, Forestry, SD1-669.5, Plant culture, SB1-1110, Plant ecology, QK900-989
Publisher: Selva Andina Research Society
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:d6cae7cf8ff5412587df6980565d563b
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