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SUBMARINE VOLCANO CHARACTERISTICS IN SABANG WATERS

By Hananto Kurnio, Subaktian Lubis and Hersenanto Catur Widi

Abstract

The aim of the study is to understand the characteristics of a volcano occurred in marine environment, as Weh Island where Sabang City located is still demonstrated its volcanic cone morphology either through satellite imagery or bathymetric map. Methods used were marine geology, marine geophysics and oceanography. Results show that surface volcanism (sea depth less than 50 m) take place as fumaroles, solfataras, hot ground, hot spring, hot mud pool and alteration in the vicinities of seafloor and coastal area vents. Seismic records also showed acoustic turbidity in the sea water column due to gas bubblings produced by seafloor fumaroles. Geochemical analyses show that seafloor samples in the vicinities of active and non-active fumarole vent are abundances with rare earth elements (REE). These were interpreted that the fumarole bring along REE through its gases and deposited on the surrounding seafloor surface. Co-existence between active fault of Sumatra and current volcanism produce hydrothermal mineralization in fault zone as observed in Serui and Pria Laot-middle of Weh Island which both are controlled by normal faults and graben

Topics: submarine volcano, hydrothermal mineralization, Sabang-Weh-Aceh, Oceanography, GC1-1581, Geology, QE1-996.5
Publisher: Marine Geological Institute of Indonesia
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:2a807db60c66481485d6d577ea9b7a0b
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