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Does Divorce Risk in Sweden depend on Spouses' Relative Income? A Study of Marriages from 1981 to 1998

By Guiping Liu and Andres Vikat

Abstract

The relationship between increasing women’s earnings and rising divorce rates frequently has been explained by the so-called independence effect: If a wife enjoys a higher earning than her husband does, she gains less from marriage. It has also been argued that in a society with egalitarian gender attitudes this effect is less important. In this paper, we test if the independence effect applies to Sweden, a country in which egalitarian gender views dominate and female labour-force participation and divorce rates are high. Our analysis is based on a large register data set and intensity regression models. We found support for the ‘independence effect’: The relationship between the share of a wife’s income and the divorce risk is positive regardless of the couple’s total income and the wife’s education level

Topics: Demography. Population. Vital events, HB848-3697
Publisher: Canadian Population Society; University of Alberta, Population Research Laboratory
Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:f06c2941242e48f4aa82f51f8f48bd08
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