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Microbiology of the middle meatus compared to sputum in young patients with cystic fibrosis from Bahia – Brazil

By Alessandro Tunes, Joice Neves Reis, Regina Terse, Maria Angélica Santana, Ana Lúcia Diniz, Tânia Fraga Barros, Ana Karina Souza Leal, Vilma Paixão and Maria Fernanda Rios Grassi


Lower airway infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis. It is currently unknown if the infection of the upper airway can cause exacerbation of lower respiratory tract infection. This study aimed to determine the microbiological profile of the anterior paranasal sinuses outflow tract (middle meatus) of cystic fibrosis outpatients. The microbiological profile was defined using endoscopically directed middle meatal cultures. Paired middle meatal and sputum specimens were collected from 56 outpatients for aerobic cultures. A semi-quantitative leukocyte count of the middle meatal samples was performed. The median age of patients was nine years (3–20 years). Staphylococcus aureus (37%), Staphylococcus coagulase-negative (25%), Neisseriac (14%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (11%), and Streptococcus pneumoniae (7%) were the most prevalent microorganisms in the middle meatal cultures. Using the middle meatal leukocyte count, 16 out of 54 patients (29.6%) presented sinus infection. The most frequently identified pathogens in patients with sinus infections were Staphylococcus aureus (10 patients), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4 patients), and Streptococcus pneumoniae (3 patients). Agreement of paired middle meatal and sputum cultures was significantly higher among patients with infection in middle meatal (69%). The most common middle meatal pathogens were the typical cystic fibrosis spectrum. This suggests the potential for participating in post-nasal lower airway seeding

Topics: Cystic fibrosis, Middle meatus, Infection, Endoscopy, Infectious and parasitic diseases, RC109-216
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.bjid.2013.07.006
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