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Ukraine International cooperation in nuclear and radiation safety: public-administrative aspect

By I. P. Krynychnay, I. I. Hozhilo and O. I. Djachenko

Abstract

The article examines international cooperation of Ukraine with other States in the sphere of ensuring nuclear and radiation safety and highlights the main directions of development and improvement of nuclear and radiation safety in Ukraine based on international experience, with the aim of preventing the risks of accidents and contamination areas radiological substances. Illuminated that for more than half a century of experience in the use of nuclear energy by the international community under the auspices of the UN, IAEA and other international organizations initiated and monitored the implementation of key national and international programs on nuclear and radiation safety. Of the Convention in the field of nuclear safety and the related independent peer review, effective national regulatory infrastructures, current nuclear safety standards and policy documents, as well as mechanisms of evaluation in the framework of the IAEA constitute important prerequisites for the creation of a world community, the global regime of nuclear and radiation safety. For analysis of the state of international cooperation of Ukraine with other States in the sphere of nuclear and radiation safety, highlighted the legal substance of nuclear and radiation safety of Ukraine, which is enshrined in the domestic Law of Ukraine «On nuclear energy use and radiation safety». Considered the most relevant legal relations. It is established that, despite the current complex international instruments, existing domestic legislation on nuclear and radiation safety, partly there is a threat of emergency nuclear radiation nature, in connection with the failure of fixed rules and programs, lack of funding from the state is not always on time and in full allows you to perform fixed strategy for overcoming the consequences of radiation accidents, the prevention of the threat of environmental pollution. Found that to improve and further ensuring nuclear and radiation safety of Ukraine, it is necessary to implement a clear state regulation in the sphere of execution implementation international norms and standards, implementation of the ratified documents and the existing domestic legal framework, constantly monitoring, coordination and control in relation to the goals and objectives. The study performed on the basis of international regulations, legislation of Ukraine and published documents

Topics: державне управління, міжнародне співробітництво, ядерна безпека, радіаційна безпека, міжнародні програми, Political institutions and public administration (General), JF20-2112
Publisher: Grani
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.15421/15201659
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:87c61e0dd290451f91cf50be82510cd1
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