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Conjunctival Flora of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Patients on Antiretroviral Treatment

By Kagmeni Giles, Yannick Bilong, Andin Viola Dohvoma, Steve Robert Ebana and Hortance Gonsu

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the conjunctival flora of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients on antiretroviral treatment (ART). Methodology: A total of 104 conjunctival swabs from 104 HIV patients on ART underwent microbiological evaluation to describe the flora. Result: There were 71 (68.26%) women and 33 (31.74%) men. The mean age was 42.9 ± 9.77 (range: 22-70) years. Negative cultures were found in 39 (37.50%) cases. Bacterial growth occurred in 65 (62.50%) cases. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was found in 59 eyes (90.76%), and coagulase-positive in 3 eyes (4.61%). There was a significant correlation between the duration of ART, the degrees of immunosuppression, and bacterial growth. Conclusions: Knowledge of the conjunctival flora in HIV patients may provide a better guideline in the choice of antibiotic for the management of ocular surface infections

Topics: Ophthalmology, RE1-994
Publisher: SAGE Publishing
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1177/1179172117724760
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:958b25cf270a4dbcaeda0e8ed2f48854
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