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Protein S Negatively Regulates Neural Stem Cell Self-Renewal through Bmi-1 Signaling

By Tal Burstyn-Cohen, Katya Zelentsova-Levytskyi, Ziv Talmi, Ghada Abboud-Jarrous, Tal Capucha and Tamar Sapir

Abstract

Revealing the molecular mechanisms underlying neural stem cell self-renewal is a major goal toward understanding adult brain homeostasis. The self-renewing potential of neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs) must be tightly regulated to maintain brain homeostasis. We recently reported the expression of Protein S (PROS1) in adult hippocampal NSPCs, and revealed its role in regulation of NSPC quiescence and neuronal differentiation. Here, we investigate the effect of PROS1 on NSPC self-renewal and show that genetic ablation of Pros1 in neural progenitors increased NSPC self-renewal by 50%. Mechanistically, we identified the upregulation of the polycomb complex protein Bmi-1 and repression of its downstream effectors p16Ink4a and p19Arf to promote NSPC self-renewal in Pros1-ablated cells. Rescuing Pros1 expression restores normal levels of Bmi-1 signaling, and reverts the proliferation and enhanced self-renewal phenotypes observed in Pros1-deleted cells. Our study identifies PROS1 as a novel negative regulator of NSPC self-renewal. We conclude PROS1 is instructive for NSPC differentiation by negatively regulating Bmi-1 signaling in adult and embryonic neural stem cells

Topics: Protein S, PROS1, self-renewal, neurogenesis, neural stem cells, Bmi-1, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fnmol.2017.00124/full
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:3a42cb73a9fb45feb6fdeb50f8889795
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