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Emergent Phases of Nodeless and Nodal Superconductivity Separated by Antiferromagnetic Order in Iron-based Superconductor (Ca4Al2O6)Fe2(As1-xPx)2: 75As- and 31P-NMR Studies

By H. Kinouchi, H. Mukuda, Y. Kitaoka, P. M. Shirage, H. Fujikura, Y. Gotoh, H. Eisaki and A. Iyo

Abstract

We report $^{31}$P- and $^{75}$As-NMR studies on (Ca$_4$Al$_2$O$_{6}$)Fe$_2$(As$_{1-x}$P$_x$)$_2$ with an isovalent substitution of P for As. We present the novel evolution of emergent phases that the nodeless superconductivity (SC) in 0$\le x \le$0.4 and the nodal one around $x$=1 are intimately separated by the onset of a commensurate stripe-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) order in 0.5$\le x \le$ 0.95, as an isovalent substitution of P for As decreases a pnictogen height $h_{Pn}$ measured from the Fe plane. It is demonstrated that the AFM order takes place under a condition of 1.32\AA$\le h_{Pn} \le$1.42\AA, which is also the case for other Fe-pnictides with the Fe$^{2+}$ state in (Fe$Pn$)$^{-}$ layers. This novel phase evolution with the variation in $h_{Pn}$ points to the importance of electron correlation for the emergence of SC as well as AFM order.Comment: 5pages, 4figures; accepted for publication as a Rapid Communication in Phys. Rev.

Topics: Condensed Matter - Superconductivity
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.121101
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1207.1920

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