Location of Repository

Interactive Effects of Three Core Goal Pursuit Processes on Brain Control Systems: Goal Maintenance, Performance Monitoring, and Response Inhibition

By Elliot T. Berkman, Emily B. Falk and Matthew D. Lieberman

Abstract

Goal attainment relies in part on one’s ability to maintain a cognitive representation of the desired goal (goal maintenance), monitor the current state vis-à-vis the targeted end state and remain vigilant for lapses in progress (performance monitoring), and inhibit counter-goal behaviors (response inhibition). Because neurocognitive studies have typically examined these three processes in isolation from one another, little is known regarding if and how they interact during goal pursuit. However, these processes frequently co-occur during online, real-world goal pursuit. The present study employed a novel task to investigate how goal maintenance, performance monitoring, and response inhibition interact with one another. We identified functional activations distinct to each of the processes that correspond to results of prior investigations. In addition, we report interactive effects between response inhibition and goal maintenance in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and between performance monitoring and goal maintenance in the superior frontal gyrus and supramarginal gyrus. Implications for studying the neural systems of in situ goals include the need for both experimental designs that distinguish between process, but also more complex, realistic tasks to begin to map interactions among these neurocognitive processes and how they are altered by the presence or absence of one another

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Public Library of Science
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3386977
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.g... (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    Preview

    Citations

    1. (2004). A componential analysis of task-switching deficits associated with lesions of left and right frontal cortex.
    2. (1996). Active Representation of Shape and Spatial Location in Man.
    3. (2001). An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function.
    4. (2004). Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control.
    5. (1991). Biased cognitive operations in anxiety: Accessibility of information or assignment of processing priorities?
    6. (2010). Building self-control strength: Practicing self-control leads to improved self-control performance.
    7. (2003). Cognitive impairment, retention and abstinence among cocaine abusers in cognitive-behavioral treatment.
    8. (2007). Common and differential ventrolateral prefrontal activity during inhibition of hand and eye movements.
    9. (2005). Common and unique components of response inhibition revealed by fMRI.
    10. (2008). Common neural substrates for inhibition of spoken and manual responses.
    11. (2004). Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update.
    12. (2001). Conflict monitoring and cognitive control.
    13. (2011). Dissociating inhibition, attention, and response control in the frontoparietal network using functional magnetic resonance imaging.
    14. (2000). Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control.
    15. (2010). Distinct frontal systems for response inhibition, attentional capture, and error processing.
    16. (2000). Effective self-regulation of goal attainment
    17. (2000). Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low-socialized individuals.
    18. (2000). fMRI Studies of Stroop Tasks Reveal Unique Roles of Anterior and Posterior Brain Systems in Attentional Selection.
    19. (2011). From reactive to proactive and selective control: Developing a richer model for stopping inappropriate responses.
    20. (1999). From Thought to Action: Effects of Process-Versus Outcome-Based Mental Simulations on Performance.
    21. Hamilton AFdC (2007) Evidence for a distributed hierarchy of action representation in the brain.
    22. (2000). Imaging cognition II: An empirical review of 275 PET and fMRI studies.
    23. (2011). In the trenches of real-world selfcontrol: Neural correlates of breaking the link between craving and smoking.
    24. (2004). Inhibition and the right inferior frontal cortex.
    25. (2008). Meta-analysis of Go/No-go tasks demonstrating that fMRI activation associated with response inhibition is taskdependent.
    26. (2001). Movement Preparation and Motor Intention.
    27. (2005). N-back working memory paradigm: A meta-analysis of normative functional neuroimaging studies.
    28. (2003). Neural Circuits Subserving the Retrieval and Maintenance of Abstract Rules.
    29. (2012). Neural Mechanisms of Cognitive Control: An Integrative Model of Stroop Task Performance and fMRI Data.
    30. (2007). Neural systems for error monitoring: Recent findings and theoretical perspectives.
    31. (2000). Parsing executive processes: strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex.
    32. (2009). Preparation to Inhibit a Response Complements Response Inhibition during Performance of a Stop-Signal Task.
    33. (2001). Reiss A
    34. (2009). Resolving response, decision, and strategic control: evidence for a functional topography in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex.
    35. (2010). Responding with restraint: What are the neurocognitive mechanisms?
    36. (2003). Response inhibition and impulsivity: an fMRI study.
    37. (2007). Right TPJ Deactivation during Visual Search: Functional Significance and Support for a Filter Hypothesis.
    38. (2001). Searching for a baseline: functional imaging and the resting human brain.
    39. (1992). Self-Motivation for Academic Attainment: The Role of Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Personal Goal Setting.
    40. (2001). Self-regulation of goal setting: turning free fantasies about the future into binding goals.
    41. (2003). Stopsignal inhibition disrupted by damage to right inferior frontal gyrus in humans.
    42. (1935). The basis of Ligon’s theory.
    43. (2009). The common neural basis of autobiographical memory, prospection, navigation, theory of mind, and the default mode: a quantitative meta-analysis.
    44. (1998). The functional roles of prefrontal cortex in episodic memory I.
    45. (2004). The neural bases of complex tool use in humans.
    46. (2007). The neural basis of inhibition in cognitive control.
    47. (2009). The neuroscience of goal pursuit: Bridging gaps between theory and data. The Psychology of Goals.
    48. (2008). The Prefrontal Cortex.
    49. (2010). The role of the right inferior frontal gyrus: inhibition and attentional control.
    50. (2002). The timing of action-monitoring processes in the anterior cingulate cortex.
    51. (1996). The trouble with cognitive subtraction.
    52. (2010). Theta burst stimulation dissociates attention and action updating in human inferior frontal cortex.
    53. (2007). Triangulating a cognitive control network using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI.

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.