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Serum tumor markers in pediatric osteosarcoma: a summary review

By Yulia A Savitskaya, Genaro Rico-Martínez, Luis Miguel Linares-González, Ernesto Andrés Delgado-Cedillo, René Téllez-Gastelum, Alfonso Benito Alfaro-Rodríguez, Antonio Redón-Tavera and José Clemente Ibarra-Ponce de León


Osteosarcoma is the most common primary high-grade bone tumor in both adolescents and children. Early tumor detection is key to ensuring effective treatment. Serum marker discovery and validation for pediatric osteosarcoma has accelerated in recent years, coincident with an evolving understanding of molecules and their complex interactions, and the compelling need for improved pediatric osteosarcoma outcome measures in clinical trials. This review gives a short overview of serological markers for pediatric osteosarcoma, and highlights advances in pediatric osteosarcoma-related marker research within the past year. Studies in the past year involving serum markers in patients with pediatric osteosarcoma can be assigned to one of four categories, i.e., new approaches and new markers, exploratory studies in specialized disease subsets, large cross-sectional validation studies, and longitudinal studies, with and without an intervention

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