Article thumbnail

Ethnic discrimination prevalence and associations with health outcomes: data from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of secondary school students in New Zealand

By Sue Crengle, Elizabeth Robinson, Shanthi Ameratunga, Terryann Clark and Deborah Raphael
Topics: Research Article
Publisher: BioMed Central
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

Suggested articles


  1. (2006). A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health.
  2. (2009). AC: Sociocultural factors and school engagement among African American youth: the roles of racial discrimination, racial socialization, and ethnic identity. Appl Dev Sci
  3. (2008). Adolescent Health Research Group: Youth’07: The Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand. Technical Report. Book Youth’07: The Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand.
  4. (2001). al: Health and well-being of young people who attend secondary school in Aotearoa, New Zealand: What has changed from
  5. (2003). AR: Unequal treatment: Confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care Washington DC: The National Academies Press;
  6. (2000). Bullying and racism among Asian schoolchildren in Britain. Educational Research
  7. (2000). Bullying in 25 secondary schools: incidence, impact and intervention. Educ Res
  8. (2005). CL: Perceived racial/ ethnic harassment and tobacco use among African American young adults.
  9. (2009). Coll CG: Racism and child health: a review of the literature and future directions.
  10. (2006). Cutrona CE: Perceived discrimination and the adjustment of African American youths: a five-year longitudinal analysis with contextual moderation effects. Child Dev
  11. (2009). Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research.
  12. (2000). Discrimination distress during adolescence.
  13. (2004). Discrimination or ‘good’ policing? The racial profiling debate in Canada. Our Diverse Cities
  14. (2007). DL: Adolescent bullying involvement and perceived family, peer and school relations: commonalities and differences across race/ethnicity. J Adolesc Health
  15. (2004). Education: The experiences of international students in New Zealand. Book The experiences of international students in New Zealand Wellington: The Ministry of Education;
  16. (2006). Effects of self-reported racial discrimination and deprivation on Maori health and inequalities in New Zealand: cross-sectional study. Lancet
  17. (1999). Embodying inequality: a review of concepts, measures, and methods for studying health consequences of discrimination.
  18. (2008). Evaluating the short form of the Reynolds adolescent depression scale in New Zealand adolescents.
  19. (2005). Experience of racism as a correlate of developmental and health outcomes among urban adolescent mental health clients. Soc Work Ment
  20. (2004). Experiences of discrimination among African American, Asian American, and Latino Adolescents in an urban high school. Youth & Soc
  21. (2002). F: Assessing socioeconomic status in adolescents: the validity of a home affluence scale.
  22. (2007). G: Hospitalisations. In Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV A study of the years 2000-2005. Edited by: Robson
  23. (2008). Hand-held internet tablets for school-based data collection.
  24. (2004). Health: Ethnicity Data Protocols for the Health and Disability Sector. Book Ethnicity Data Protocols for the Health and Disability Sector Wellington: Ministry of Health;
  25. (2003). I: Discrimination and Puerto Rican children’s and adolescents’ mental health. Cultur Divers Ethni Minor Psychol
  26. (2007). In Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV A study of the years 2000-2005. Edited by: Robson
  27. (2007). It’s enough to make you sick: the impact of racism on the health of Aboriginal Australians.
  28. (2008). JS: The prevalence of perceived discrimination among African American and Caribbean black youth. Dev Psychol
  29. (2011). Kvernmo S: The relationship between internalizing and externalizing symptoms and cultural resilience factors in Indigenous Sami youth from Arctic Norway. Int J Circumpolar Health
  30. (2002). Nazroo JY: Relation between racial discrimination, social class, and health among ethnic minority groups.
  31. (1999). NB: Racism as a stressor for African Americans. Am Psychol
  32. (2003). PC: Relationships between bullying and violence among US youth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med
  33. (2000). Perceived discrimination and depression among Mexican-origin adults in California.
  34. (2009). Perceived discrimination and health: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull
  35. (2005). Perceived school environments, perceived discrimination, and school performance among children of Mexican immigrants. Child Youth Serv Rev
  36. (2003). Prevalence and patterns of discrimination among U.S. health care consumers.
  37. (2004). R-E-S-P-E-C-T: patient reports of disrespect in the health care setting and its impact on care. J Fam Pract
  38. (1997). Race and health: basic questions, emerging directions. Ann Epidemiol
  39. (1997). Racial harassment. In Ethnic minorities in Britain: Diversity and disadvantage. Edited by: Madood
  40. (2003). Racial/ethnic discrimination and health: findings from community studies.
  41. (2011). Racism and health among urban Aboriginal young people. BMC Public Health
  42. (2006). Racism and health: The relationship between experience of racial discrimination and health in New Zealand. Soc Sci Med
  43. (2002). Racist experiences and health outcomes: an examination of spirituality as a buffer. J Black Psychol
  44. (1998). Reliability and validity of the reynolds adolescent depression scale with young adolescents.
  45. (2009). Schuster MA: Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination among fifth-grade students and its association with mental health.
  46. (2010). Self-reported racial discrimination and substance use among Asian Americans in Arizona. J Immigr Health Minor Health
  47. (2006). Shavers BS: Racism and health inequity among Americans.
  48. (2002). SL: Classroom-based surveys of adolescent risk-taking behaviors: reducing the bias of absenteeism.
  49. (2007). Social and economic indicators. In Hauora: Māori standards of health IV A study of the years 2000-2005. Edited by: Robson
  50. (2007). SP: Skin colour, perception of racism and depression among adolescents in Urban Brazil. Child Adolesc Ment Health
  51. (1998). Spectre of racism in health and health care: lessons from history and the United States. Br Med J
  52. (2005). Statistical Standard for Ethnicity
  53. suspensions, exclusions and expulsions from school.
  54. (2003). The Association between Multiple Domains of Discrimination and Self-assessed Health: A Multilevel Analysis of Latinos and Blacks in Four Low-Income New York City Neighborhoods. Health Serv Res
  55. (2000). The effect of patient race and socio-economic status on physicians’ perceptions of patients. Soc Sci Med
  56. (2005). The Reynolds adolescent depression scale in New Zealand adolescents.
  57. (2002). The social acceptance of visible ethnic minority adolescents of Asian origin in Auckland secondary schools.
  58. (2003). The structuring of ethnic inequalities in health: economic position, racial discrimination, and racism.
  59. (2006). Trajectories of perceived adult and peer discrimination among Black, Latino, and Asian American adolescents: patterns and psychological correlates. Dev Psychol
  60. (2008). Unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, ethnic identification, and smoking among Asian Americans in the National Latino and Asian American Study.
  61. (2009). Youth ‘07 - the Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand Results for Pacific Young People.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.