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Stenting for Left Subclavian Artery Stenosis before and after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Using the Internal Mammary Artery: A Report of Three Cases

By I. Chokyu, T. Terada, Y. Matsuda, H. Okumura, A. Shintani, Y. Nakamura, Y. Ohura, T. Tsumoto, O. Masuo, H. Matsumoto and T. Itakura


Stenosis of the subclavian artery proximal to the origin of the internal mammary artery (IMA) used for coronary artery bypass grafting may produce flow reversal (steal syndrome) and cause myocardial ischemia. We present three cases of subclavian artery stenosis proximal to the IMA before and after CABG. The first case developed symptomatic myocardial ischemia resulting from a variant of coronary-subclavian steal syndrome. The second case had asymptomatic subclavian artery stenosis proximal to the IMA used for CABG. In the third case we planned to perform CABG using the left IMA to treat cardiac ischemia. All of the patients were successfully treated by stent placement without the use of a protection device. In the first and second cases, cardiac ischemia did not appear during balloon inflation of the subclavian artery and no embolic complication occurred. In the third case, CABG was performed six months after stenting. Subclavian artery stenting is a valid alternative to surgical treatment to restore the flow to the IMA before or after CABG

Topics: Case Reports
Publisher: Centauro S.r.l.
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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