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Fasciola hepatica infection in a 65-year-old woman

By Bernard Pilet, Filip Deckers, Marc Pouillon and Paul Parizel

Abstract

Fascioliasis is an infectious disease caused by fasciola or liver fluke. Humans are accidental hosts to these flatworms. The World Health Organisation considers fascioliasis an important human parasitic disease. In Europe, Australia and Northern America, the disease is rare, but should have a high index of suspicion in patients who have lived in or travelled to endemic areas. Although it can be self-limiting, fascioliasis is associated with an increased risk of bile duct cancer. Before a clear-cut diagnosis is made using ELISA-based arrays, radiologic studies can provide the clinician with a number of suggestive features, thereby avoiding the need for liver biopsy or even surgery, which have nowadays become obsolete for the diagnosis of fascioliasis. We provide an overview of the major radiologic hallmarks and we demonstrate the role of iron-oxide enhanced MRI

Topics: Gastrointestinal Radiology
Publisher: EduRad
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3303386
Provided by: PubMed Central
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