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Speech Evoked Auditory Brainstem Responses: A New Tool to Study Brainstem Encoding of Speech Sounds

By Sujeet Kumar Sinha and Vijayalakshmi Basavaraj

Abstract

The neural encoding of speech sound begins in the auditory nerve and travels to the auditory brainstem. Non speech stimuli such as click or tone bursts stimulus are used to check the auditory neural integrity routinely. Recently Speech evoked Auditory Brainstem measures (ABR) are being used as a tool to study the brainstem processing of Speech sounds. The aim of the study was to study the Speech evoked ABR to a consonant vowel (CV) stimulus. 30 subjects with normal hearing participated for the study. Speech evoked ABR were measured to a CV stimulus in all the participants. The speech stimulus used was a 40 ms synthesized/da/sound. The consonant and vowel portion was analysed separately. Speech evoked ABR was present in all the normal hearing subjects. The consonant portion of the stimulus elicited peak V in response waveform. Response to the vowel portion elicited a frequency following response (FFR). The FFR further showed a coding of the fundamental frequency (F0) and the first formant frequency (F1). The results of the present study throw light on the processing of speech in brainstem. The understanding of speech evoked ABR has other applications both in research as well as in clinical purposes. Such understanding is specially important if one is interested in studying the central auditory system function

Topics: Original Article
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3266097
Provided by: PubMed Central
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