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Rapid Detection of Isoniazid, Rifampin, and Ofloxacin Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Clinical Isolates Using High-Resolution Melting Analysis▿

By Xiaoyou Chen, Fanrong Kong, Qinning Wang, Chuanyou Li, Jianyuan Zhang and Gwendolyn L. Gilbert

Abstract

A high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) assay was developed to detect isoniazid, rifampin, and ofloxacin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by targeting resistance-associated mutations in the katG, mabA-inhA promoter, rpoB, and gyrA genes. A set of 28 (17 drug-resistant and 11 fully susceptible) clinical M. tuberculosis isolates was selected for development and evaluation of HRMA. PCR amplicons from the katG, mabA-inhA promoter, rpoB, and gyrA genes of all 28 isolates were sequenced. HRMA results matched well with 18 mutations, identified by sequencing, in 17 drug-resistant isolates and the absence of mutations in 11 susceptible isolates. Among 87 additional isolates with known resistance phenotypes, HRMA identified katG and/or mabA-inhA promoter mutations in 66 of 69 (95.7%) isoniazid-resistant isolates, rpoB mutations in 51 of 54 (94.4%) rifampin-resistant isolates, and gyrA mutations in all of 41 (100%) ofloxacin-resistant isolates. All mutations within the HRMA primer target regions were detected as variant HRMA profiles. The corresponding specificities were 97.8%, 100%, and 98.6%, respectively. Most false-positive results were due to synonymous mutations, which did not affect susceptibility. HRMA is a rapid, sensitive method for detection of drug resistance in M. tuberculosis which could be used routinely for screening isolates in countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis and drug resistance or in individual isolates when drug resistance is suspected

Topics: Mycobacteriology and Aerobic Actinomycetes
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3187326
Provided by: PubMed Central
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