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Taking Synchrony Seriously: A Perceptual-Level Model of Infant Synchrony Detection

By Christopher G. Prince, George J. Hollich, Nathan A. Helder, Eric J. Mislivec, Anoop Reddy, Sampanna Salunke and Naveed Memon

Abstract

Synchrony detection between different sensory and/or motor channels appears critically important for young infant learning and cognitive development. For example, empirical studies demonstrate that audio-visual synchrony aids in language acquisition. In this paper we compare these infant studies with a model of synchrony detection based on the Hershey and Movellan (2000) algorithm augmented with methods for quantitative synchrony estimation. Four infant-model comparisons are presented, using audio-visual stimuli of increasing complexity. While infants and the model showed learning or discrimination with each type of stimuli used, the model was most successful with stimuli comprised of one audio and one visual source, and also with two audio sources and a dynamic-face visual motion source. More difficult for the model were stimuli conditions with two motion sources, and more abstract visual dynamics—an oscilloscope instead of a face. Future research should model the developmental pathway of synchrony detection. Normal audio-visual synchrony detection in infants may be experience-dependent (e.g., Bergeson, et al., 2004)

Topics: Developmental Psychology, Machine Vision
Publisher: Lund University Cognitive Studies
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:cogprints.org:4145

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Citations

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