Article thumbnail

The Ethical Basis for Promoting Nutritional Health in Public Schools in the United States

By Patricia B. Crawford, Wendi Gosliner and Harvey Kayman

Abstract

Schools may have an ethical obligation to act in response to the precipitous increase in the incidence of obesity among children. Using a bioethics framework, we present a rationale for school programs to improve the nutritional quality of students' diets. Because children are required to spend half their waking hours in school and because they consume a substantial portion of their daily food there, school is a logical focus for efforts to encourage healthy dietary behaviors to prevent obesity and its consequent individual and collective costs. We suggest that beyond strategic considerations, the concept of the common good justifies actions that may appear to conflict with freedom of choice of children, parents, and school staff, or with the interests of food and beverage companies

Topics: Special Topic
Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3181198
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1971). A theory of justice. Cambridge (MA):
  2. (2004). Accounting Office. Report to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition,
  3. Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations.
  4. Availability and consumption of competitive foods in US public schools.
  5. Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents.
  6. Cardiovascular risk factors and excess adiposity among overweight children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study.
  7. (2008). Convention on the rights of the child.
  8. Does health promotion need a code of ethics?
  9. Effect of a two-year obesity prevention intervention on percentile changes in body mass index and academic performance in low-income elementary school children.
  10. Effective multilevel, multi-sector, school-based obesity prevention programming improves weight, blood pressure, and academic performance, especially among low-income, minority children.
  11. (2000). Food service and foods and beverages available at school: results from the School Health Policies and Programs Study
  12. (2010). Free for all: fixing school food in America. California Studies for Food and Culture. Berkeley (CA):
  13. Hunger in children in the United States: potential behavioral and emotional correlates.
  14. Lessons learned from evaluations of California’s statewide school nutrition standards.
  15. Lifetime risk for diabetes mellitus in the United States.
  16. (2010). Medicine. School meals:building blocks for healthier children.
  17. Nutrition and student performance at school.
  18. (2007). Nutrition standards for foods in schools: leading the way toward healthier youth.
  19. (2011). of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service.
  20. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics. 5th edition.
  21. School food: does the future call for new food policy or can the old still hold true? National Agricultural Law Center, Arkansas School of Law;
  22. (1995). Statement on the link between nutrition and cognitive development in children.
  23. The California Endowment’s Healthy Eating, Active Communities program: a midpoint review.
  24. Would students prefer to eat healthier foods at school?