Article thumbnail

Measuring Use of Resourcefulness Skills: Psychometric Testing of a New Scale

By Jaclene A. Zauszniewski and Abir K. Bekhet

Abstract

Highly resourceful individuals have been found better able to meet life's challenges and to experience more positive health outcomes. Although psychometrically sound measures of resourcefulness exist and resourcefulness training trials show that the intervention increases adaptive functioning and enhances quality of life, there is no direct measure of intervention fidelity. This study examined the reliability and validity of an 8-item Resourcefulness Skills Scale (RSS), which measures the frequency with which intervention recipients use specific resourcefulness skills. The RSS was found to have acceptable internal consistency (α = .78), criterion-related validity (r's = .50 and .52 with other resourcefulness scales), and construct validity (r's =.38 and .53 with theoretically-related constructs). Factor analysis revealed two factors reflecting personal and social resourcefulness. Because the RSS queries respondents on their use of skills taught during resourcefulness training, it has potential usefulness as a measure for evaluating how well the training is translated into use of the skills in daily life

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: International Scholarly Research Network
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3169308
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1996). A 12-item ShortForm Health Survey: construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity,”
  2. (2007). a n dC .M .M u s i l ,“ E ffects of teaching resourcefulness and acceptance on affect, behavior, and cognition of chronically ill elders,”
  3. (2002). Acceptance, cognitions, and resourcefulness in women with diabetes,”
  4. (1974). An index of factorial simplicity,”
  5. (1977). Assessing reliability and stability in panel models,”
  6. (2004). B.C.Cronk,HowtoUseSPSS:AStep-by-Step GuidetoAnalysis and Interpretatio,P y r c z a k ,G l e n d a l e ,C a l i f
  7. (2008). Caregivers of older clients with severe mental illness: perceptions of burdens and rewards,”
  8. (1995). Development and testing of a measure of depressive cognitions in older adults,”
  9. Development of the help-seeking resources scale as a measure of social resourcefulness for older adults,”
  10. (2006). Enhancing intervention fidelity: a means of strengthening study impact,”
  11. (2005). Family burden and relatives participation in psychiatric care: are the patient’s diagnosis and the relation to the patient of importance?”
  12. (2008). Family caregivers’ future planning for younger and older adults with serious mental illness
  13. (2010). H u a n g ,S .E .G u o ,C .M .H u n ge ta l . ,“ L e a r n e d resourcefulness, quality of life, and depressive symptoms for patients with breast cancer,” Oncology Nursing Forum,v o l
  14. (1990). Help-seeking behavior as a coping resource,” in Learned Resourcefulness: On Coping Skills. Self-Control, and Adaptive Behavior,M .R o s e n b a u m ,E d . ,S p r i n g e r ,N e wY o r k ,
  15. (2001). Hong,“Sample size in factor analysis:the role of model error,”
  16. (2010). Internal consistency and Cronbach’s α,”
  17. (2001). J.A.Zauszniewski,C.Chung,andK.Krafcik,“Socialcognitive factors predicting the health of elders,”
  18. K.F.Stein,J.T.Sargent,andN.Rafaels,“Interventionresearch: establishing fidelity of the independent variable in nursing clinicaltrials,”NursingResearch,vol.56,no.1,pp.54–62,2007.
  19. (2004). l l g ,B .R e s n i c k ,D .S .M i n i c u c c ie ta l . ,“ E n h a n c i n g treatment fidelity in health behavior change studies: best practices and recommendations from the NIH Behavior Change Consortium,” Health Psychology,v o l .2 3 ,n o .5 ,p p .
  20. (1990). Learned Resourcefulness: On Coping Skills, Self-Control, and Adaptive Behavior,S p r i n g e r ,N e wY o r k ,N Y ,
  21. (1993). M a t h e n y ,D .W .A y c o c k ,W .L .C u r l e t t e ,a n dG .N . Junker, “The coping resources inventory for stress: a measure of perceived resourcefulness,”
  22. (2008). Milieu change and relocation adjustment in elders,”
  23. (2006). Morris,“Effects of teaching resourcefulness skills to elders,” Aging and Mental Health,v o l .1 0 ,n o .4 ,p p .
  24. (2010). N g a i ,W . - C .C h a n ,a n dW .Y .I p ,“ P r e d i c t o r sa n d correlates of maternal role competence and satisfaction,”
  25. (2000). Predicting well-being among breast cancer survivors,”JournalofAdvancedNursing,vol.32,no.4,pp.937– 943,
  26. (2005). Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling,
  27. (2001). Promoting intervention fidelity: conceptual issues, methods, and preliminary results from the Early AllianceISRN Nursing 7 prevention trial,”
  28. (2010). Psychometric testing of the Depressive Cognition Scale in women family members of seriously mentally ill adults,”
  29. (1994). Psychometric Theory,
  30. (2003). Resourcefulness and self-care in pregnant women with HIV,”
  31. (2001). Resourcefulness andhealth practices of diabetic women,”
  32. (2006). Resourcefulness,” in Encyclopedia of Nursing Research,J .J .F i t z p a t r i c ka n dM .W a l l a c e ,E d s . ,p p .
  33. (2003). Scale Development: Theory and Applications,
  34. (2008). Sense of coherence and quality of life in women family members of the seriouslymentallyill,”
  35. (2001). Simplified scoring and psychometrics of the revised 12-item Short-Form Health Survey,” Outcomes Management for Nursing Practice,v o l .5 ,n o .4 ,p p .
  36. Social resourcefulness scale: development and preliminary validation,”
  37. (2005). Statistical Methods for Health Care Research,
  38. (2003). Strickland,“Using factor analysisforvalidity assessment: practicalconsiderations,”Journalof Nursing Measurement,vol.
  39. (2005). The context of caretaking in rural areas:familyfactors influencingthe level of functioning of seriously mentally ill patients living at home,”
  40. (2006). Using Multivariate Statistics, Allyn and
  41. (2008). Winterstein,“Validityandreliability of measurement instruments used in research,”
  42. (2008). Z a u s z n i e w s k i ,A .K .B e k h e t ,a n dM .J .S u r e s k y ,“ F a c t o r s associatedwith perceived burden, resourcefulness, and quality of life in female family members of adults with serious mental illness,”
  43. (2009). Z a u s z n i e w s k i ,A .K .B e k h e t ,a n dM .J .S u r e s k y ,“ R e l a -tionships among perceived burden, depressive cognitions, resourcefulness, and quality of life in female relatives of seriously mentally ill adults,”
  44. (2002). Z a u s z n i e w s k i ,C .C h u n g ,H .J .C h a n g ,a n dK .K r a f c i k , “Predictors of resourcefulness in school-aged children,”
  45. (2006). Z a u s z n i e w s k i ,C .Y .L a i ,a n dS .T i t h i p h o n t u m r o n g , “Development and testing of the resourcefulness scale for older adults,”
  46. (2005). Z a u s z n i e w s k i ,S .J .F .P i c o t ,B .L .R o b e r t s ,S .M .D e b a n n e , a n dM .L .W y k l e ,“ P r e d i c t o r so fr e s o u r c e f u l n e s si nA f r i c a n American Women,”