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A Framework for the Specificity of Addictions

By Steve Sussman, Adam Leventhal, Ricky N. Bluthenthal, Marilyn Freimuth, Myriam Forster and Susan L. Ames

Abstract

Research over the last two decades suggests that a wide range of substance and behavioral addictions may serve similar functions. Yet, co-occurrence of addictions has only been reported among a minority of addicts. “Addiction specificity” pertains to a phenomenon in which one pattern of addictive behaviors may be acquired whereas another is not. This paper presents the PACE model as a framework which might help explain addiction specificity. Pragmatics, attraction, communication, and expectation (PACE) variables are described, which may help give some direction to future research needs in this arena

Topics: Article
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3166750
Provided by: PubMed Central

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