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Quantification of Amikacin in Bronchial Epithelial Lining Fluid in Neonates▿

By C. Tayman, M. N. El-Attug, E. Adams, A. Van Schepdael, A. Debeer, K. Allegaert and A. Smits

Abstract

Amikacin efficacy is based on peak concentrations and the possibility of reaching therapeutic levels at the infection site. This study aimed to describe amikacin concentrations in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) through bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in newborns. BAL fluid was collected in ventilated neonates treated with intravenous (i.v.) amikacin. Clinical characteristics, amikacin therapeutic drug monitoring serum concentrations, and the concentrations of urea in plasma were extracted from the individual patient files. Amikacin and urea BAL fluid concentrations were determined using liquid chromatography with pulsed electrochemical detection (LC-PED) and capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (CE-C4D), respectively. ELF amikacin concentrations were converted from BAL fluid concentrations through quantification of dilution (urea in plasma/urea in BAL fluid) during the BAL procedure. Twenty-two observations in 17 neonates (postmenstrual age, 31.9 [range, 25.1 to 41] weeks; postnatal age, 3.5 [range, 2 to 37] days) were collected. Median trough and peak amikacin serum concentrations were 2.1 (range, 1 to 7.1) mg/liter and 39.1 (range, 24.1 to 73.2) mg/liter; the median urea plasma concentration was 30 (8 to 90) mg/dl. The median amikacin concentration in ELF was 6.5 mg/liter, the minimum measured concentration was 1.5 mg/liter, and the maximum (peak) was 23 mg/liter. The highest measured ELF concentration was reached between 6 and 14.5 h after i.v. amikacin administration, and an estimated terminal elimination half-life was 8 to 10 h. The median and highest (peak) ELF amikacin concentrations observed in our study population were, respectively, 6.5 and 23 mg/liter. Despite the frequent use of amikacin in neonatal (pulmonary) infections, this is the first report of amikacin quantification in ELF in newborns

Topics: Clinical Therapeutics
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3165321
Provided by: PubMed Central
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