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Design, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of New 5,5-Diarylhydantoin Derivatives as Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors

By Afshin Zarghi, Farin Sattary Javid, Razieh Ghodsi, Orkideh G. Dadrass, Bahram Daraei and Mehdi Hedayati

Abstract

A new group of 5,5-diarylhydantoin derivatives bearing a methylsulfonyl COX-2 pharmacophore at the para position of the C-5 phenyl ring were designed and synthesized as selective COX-2 inhibitors. In vitro COX-1/COX-2 inhibition structure-activity relationships identified 5-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-5-phenyl-hydantoin (4) as a highly potent and selective COX-2 inhibitor (COX-2 IC50 = 0.077 μM; selectivity index > 1298). It was more selective than the reference drug celecoxib (COX-2 IC50 = 0.060 μM; selectivity index = 405). A molecular modeling study where 4 was docked in the binding site of COX-2 indicated that the p-MeSO2 COX-2 pharmacophore group on the C-5 phenyl ring is oriented in the vicinity of the COX-2 secondary pocket. The results of this study showed that the type of substituent on the N-3 hydantoin ring substituent is important for COX-2 inhibitory activity

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Österreichische Apotheker-Verlagsgesellschaft
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3163375
Provided by: PubMed Central

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