Article thumbnail

Validation of cross-cultural child mental health and psychosocial research instruments: adapting the Depression Self-Rating Scale and Child PTSD Symptom Scale in Nepal

By Brandon A Kohrt, Mark JD Jordans, Wietse A Tol, Nagendra P Luitel, Sujen M Maharjan and Nawaraj Upadhaya
Topics: Research Article
Publisher: BioMed Central
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles


  1. (2009). A qualitative study of mental health problems among children displaced by war in northern Uganda. Transcultural Psychiatry
  2. (2009). Adhikari K: Fear and everyday life in rural Nepal. Dialectical Anthropology
  3. (2007). Aijaz A: Psychiatric rating scales in Urdu: a systematic review. BMC Psychiatry
  4. (1988). Birz S: Developing instruments for cross-cultural psychiatric research.
  5. (2002). BRPD: Ten-Year Review of Rating Scales. IV: Scales Assessing Trauma and Its Effects.
  6. (2008). Building an evidence base on mental health interventions for children affected by armed conflict.
  7. (2010). CA: Four Principles of Mental Health Research and Psychosocial Intervention for Child Soldiers: Lessons Learned
  8. (2009). Carrion VGMD: Brief Report: Diurnal Salivary Cortisol in Youth-Clarifying the Nature of Posttraumatic Stress Dysregulation.
  9. (2010). Children and Revolution: The Mental Health and Psychosocial Wellbeing of Child Soldiers in Nepal’s Maoist Army.
  10. (2010). CMA: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Structure in Injured Children: Functional Impairment and Depression Symptoms in a Confirmatory Factor Analysis.
  11. (2005). Cognitive interviewing: a tool for improving questionnaire design Thousand Oaks,
  12. (2001). Cross-cultural validity and reliability testing of a standard psychiatric assessment instrument without a gold standard.
  13. (2004). Cultures of trauma: anthropological views of posttraumatic stress disorder in international health.
  14. (2010). de Jong JTVM: Political violence and mental health: a multi-disciplinary review of the literature on Nepal.
  15. (1999). de Jong JTVM: Preparing instruments for transcultural research: use of the translation monitoring form with Nepali-speaking Bhutanese. Transcultural Psychiatry
  16. (2009). De Jong JTVM: Screening for psychosocial distress amongst war-affected children: cross-cultural construct validity of the CPDS.
  17. (2008). Development and Validation of the Child Psychosocial Distress Screener in Burundi.
  18. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-IV-TR. 4 edition.
  19. (2009). Do No Harm: Toward Contextually Appropriate Psychosocial Support in International Emergencies. American Psychologist
  20. (2009). et al: Mental health and psychosocial support in crisis and conflict: report of the Mental Health Working Group. Prehospital & Disaster Medicine
  21. (2006). et al: Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among children in tsunami-affected areas in southern Thailand. Jama
  22. (1998). Ethnicity and Adolescent Depression: The Case of Chinese Americans.
  23. (2000). Gautre-Delay F: The Children’s Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) and Global Assessment of Psychosocial Disability (GAPD) in clinical practice–substance and reliability as judged by intraclass correlations.
  24. (1994). Gillberg C: The Birleson Depression Self-Rating Scale (Dsrs) - Clinical-Evaluation in an Adolescent Inpatient Population.
  25. (2003). Hoppe S: The Spanish Translation and Cultural Adaptation of Five Mental Health Outcome Measures.
  26. (2010). Hruschka DJ: Nepali concepts of psychological trauma: the role of idioms of distress, ethnopsychology and ethnophysiology in alleviating suffering and preventing stigma.
  27. (2007). I: Reconsidering Somatic Presentation in Nepal.
  28. (2010). JTVM: Evaluation of a classroom-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected Nepal: a cluster randomized controlled trial.
  29. (2010). JTVM: Mediators and moderators of a psychosocial intervention for children affected by political violence.
  30. (2008). Komproe IH: Comparison of mental health between former child soldiers and children never conscripted by armed groups in Nepal.
  31. (2009). Maharjan SM: When a child is no longer a child: Nepali ethnopsychology of child development and violence.
  32. (2009). MJD: Child Led Indicators: Pilot testing a child participation tool for psychosocial support programmes for former child soldiers
  33. MK: Validation of a Nepali version of the Beck Depression Inventory.
  34. Multiple trauma and mental health in former Ugandan child soldiers.
  35. (2005). Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. BMCPsychiatry
  36. (1996). ND: Kiddie-Sads-Present and Lifetime Version.
  37. (2004). Ndogoni L: Assessment of depression prevalence in rural Uganda using symptom and function criteria. SocPsychiatry PsychiatrEpidemiol
  38. (2009). of the World’s Children 2009: Maternal and Newborn Health.
  39. (2009). Palmes GK: Cross-cultural psychiatry in the field: collaborating with anthropology.
  40. (2008). Promoting child and adolescent mental health in low and middle income countries.
  41. (2008). Psychiatric diagnosis - is it universal or relative to culture?
  42. Public mental health, traumatic stress, and human rights violations in low-income countries.
  43. (2008). Reliability and validity of the Thai version of the PHQ-9. BMC Psychiatry
  44. (1988). Rethinking psychiatry : from cultural category to personal experience
  45. (1978). RL: A diagnostic interview: the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry
  46. (2008). Schoolbased mental health intervention for children affected by political violence in Indonesia - A cluster randomized trial.
  47. (1996). Sheet: Number of Victims Killed by State and Maoist
  48. (2011). Sierra Leone’s Child Soldiers: War Exposures and Mental Health Problems by Gender.
  49. (2000). SK: Aggression among children in four cultures.
  50. (2006). T: Assessment of depressive symptoms in Japanese school children and adolescents using the Birleson Depression Self-Rating Scale.
  51. (2002). Tang AM: An alternative approach to cross-cultural function assessment. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
  52. (1997). The validation of a self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder: The Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale. Psychological Assessment
  53. (1981). The Validity of Depressive Disorder in Childhood and the Development of a Self-Rating Scale - a Research Report.
  54. (2007). Tol WA: Psychosocial counselling in Nepal: Perspectives of counsellors and beneficiaries. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling
  55. (2001). Treadwell KR: The child PTSD Symptom Scale: a preliminary examination of its psychometric properties.
  56. (2003). Validity issues in transcultural epidemiology.
  57. (2009). Violence, suffering, and mental health in Afghanistan: a school-based survey. Lancet
  58. (2005). Worthman CM: Estimating between- and withinindividual variation in cortisol levels using multilevel models. Psychoneuroendocrinology
  59. (2008). Worthman CM: Measuring mental health in child soldiers-Reply. Jama
  60. (2006). Yaqubi AA: The Afghan symptom checklist: a culturally Kohrt et al.
  61. (2006). Yule W: A Review of PTSD