Article thumbnail

The RT-18: a new screening tool to assess young adult risk-taking behavior

By Lydia de Haan, Esther Kuipers, Yvanca Kuerten, Margriet van Laar, Berend Olivier and Joris Cornelis Verster

Abstract

Risk-taking behavior is a major determinant of health and plays a central role in various diseases. Therefore, a brief questionnaire was developed to assess risk taking among young adults with known different levels of risk-taking behavior (social drinkers and recreational drug users). In Study 1, N = 522 university students completed the RT-18 risk taking questionnaire. N = 100 students were retested after 2 to 4 weeks and performed the Cambridge Gambling Task (CGT). Mean RT-18 score was 7.69 and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.886. The test-retest reliability was r = 0.94. Significant correlation was found between the RT-18 score and CGT scores of risk taking, bet proportion, and risk adjustment. In Study 2, N = 7834 young adult social drinkers, and recreational drug users, mean RT-18 score was 9.34 and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.80. Factor analysis showed that the RT-18 comprises two factors assessing level of risk-taking behavior and risk assessment. Men scored significantly higher than women on the RT-18. Recreational drug users had significantly higher scores when compared to social drinkers. In Study 3 of N = 1000 students, construct validity was confirmed by showing that the RT-18 outcome correlates significantly with scores on the Stimulating-Instrumental Risk Inventory. In conclusion, the RT-18 is a valid and reliable screening tool to differentiate levels of risk-taking behavior. This short scale is quick and practical to administer, imposing minimal demands on participants. The RT-18 is able to differentiate risk taking and risk assessment which can help target appropriate intervention strategies

Topics: Original Research
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3160867
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. A measure of risk-taking for young adolescents: reliability and validity assessments.
  2. (1993). A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch Gen Psychiatry.
  3. (2000). A validation study of the adolescent risk-taking questionnaire. Behav Change.
  4. (1989). Adolescent alcohol use and other delinquent behaviors: a one year longitudinal analysis controlling for sensation seeking. Crim Justice Behav.
  5. Adolescent risktaking: an analysis of problem behaviors in problem children.
  6. (1985). Age norms for impulsiveness, venturesomeness and empathy in adults. Pers Indiv Differ.
  7. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit.
  8. (1996). Amos users’ guide version 3.6.
  9. (2009). Application of a standardized assessment methodology within the context of an evidence-based treatment for substance abuse and its associated problems. Behav Modif.
  10. (1994). Behavioral expressions and biosocial bases of sensation seeking.
  11. (2001). Beyond risk seeking and risk aversion: personality and the dual nature of economic risk taking. Eur J Pers.
  12. (2011). CANTAB Core Cognition.
  13. (1999). Chasing’ in gambling behavior: personality and cognitive determinants. Pers Indiv Differ.
  14. (2010). Drugs of abuse, driving and traffic safety. Curr Drug Abuse Rev.
  15. (1991). Five (or three) robust questionnaire scale factors of personality without culture. Pers Indiv Differ.
  16. Global burden of disease and risk factors. Washington DC:
  17. Learning disabilities and risk-taking behavior in adolescents: a comparison of those with and without comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
  18. Perceived exposure to substance abuse and risk-taking behavior in early adolescence: cross-sectional study.
  19. Personality and risk-taking: common biosocial factors.
  20. (2011). Questionnaire. Available from: www. zkpq.com.
  21. (2007). Risk-taking and the adolescent brain: who is at risk? Dev Sci.
  22. Risk-taking patterns of female adolescents: what they do and why.
  23. (2007). Sensation seeking and risky behavior.
  24. smoking status, and risk behavior attitudes explain adolescents’ patterns of nicotine replacement therapy use.
  25. (2010). Systematic review of the impact of adult drug-treatment courts. Transl Res.
  26. Targeting adolescent risk-taking behaviors: the contributions of egocentrism and sensation-seeking.
  27. (2010). The ACID-survey: methodology and design of an online survey to assess alcohol and recreational cocaine use and its consequences for traffic safety. The Open Addict J.
  28. The adolescent risk-taking questionnaire: development and psychometric evaluation.
  29. The Dutch temperament and character inventory (TCI): dimensional structure, reliability and validity in a normal and psychiatric outpatient population. Pers Indiv Differ.
  30. The psychology of risk-taking: toward the integration of psychometric and neuropsychological paradigms.
  31. (2005). Validation of the Dutch translation of the I7 questionnaire. Pers Indiv Differ.
  32. (2008). Variations in sexual risks in drug users: emerging themes in a behavioral context. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep.