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Comparative Study Of HIV Associated Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Chest Clinics From Two Regions Of Edo State, Nigeria

By Nwobu Gilbert Obiora, Okodua Marcellinus Aigbokhan and Tatfeng Mirabeau Youtchou


A comparative study of HIV associated pulmonary tuberculosis (HIV-PTB) was carried out in Chest Clinics situated in Benin and Irrua environs of Edo State, Nigeria, using microscopical and serological methods. In Irrua environs, HIV-PTB co-infection is higher in females (12.5%) than in males (9.2%) but not statistically significant (P > 0.05). In Benin, HIV-PTB is also higher in females (11.3%) than in males (7.2%) but not statistically significant (P > 0.05). In Benin, PTB is statistically high among <20 years and 21–30 years old subjects (50% and 28.7% respectively, P < 0.05), while HIV is statistically high among age group 31–40 years and 41.50 years (23.5% and 27.9% respectively, P < 0.05). HIV-PTB co-infection is also statistically high among drivers and traders (13.8% and 12.6% respectively, P < 0.05) in Benin. Generally, there is no significant difference in the prevalence of HIV, PTB and HIV-PTB infection rate in the two regions when sex and occupation of the subjects are considered (P > 0.05). However, subjects of > 60 years old have a significantly higher PTB disease in Benin than their counterpart in Irrua (28.6% and 0% respectively, P < 0.05

Topics: Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Publisher: Dr. B.S. Kakkilaya
Year: 2004
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