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Ikaros-Notch axis in host hematopoietic cells regulates experimental graft-versus-host disease

By Tomomi Toubai, Yaping Sun, Isao Tawara, Ann Friedman, Chen Liu, Rebecca Evers, Evelyn Nieves, Chelsea Malter, Peter Chockley, Ivan Maillard, Susan Winandy and Pavan Reddy

Abstract

Host hematopoietically derived APCs play a vital role in the initiation of GVH responses. However, the APC autonomous molecular mechanisms that are critical for the induction of GVHD are not known. We report here that the Ikaros-Notch axis in host hematopoietically derived APCs regulates the severity of acute GVHD across multiple clinically relevant murine models of experimental bone marrow transplantation. In the present study, Ikaros deficiency (Ik−/−) limited to host hematopoietically derived APCs enhanced donor T-cell expansion and intensified acute GVHD, as determined by survival and other GVHD-specific parameters. The Ik−/− conventional CD8+ and CD8−CD11c+ dendritic cells (DCs), the most potent APCs, showed no increase in the expression of activation markers or in response to TLR stimulation compared with wild-type controls. However, Ik−/− DCs demonstrated an enhanced stimulation of allogeneic T cells. Deficiency of Ikaros in the conventional CD8+ and CD8−CD11c+ DCs was associated with an increase in Notch signaling, the blockade of which mitigated the enhanced in vitro and in vivo allostimulatory capacity. Therefore, the Ikaros-Notch axis is a novel pathway that modulates DC biology in general, and targeting this pathway in host hematopoietically derived APCs may reduce GVHD

Topics: Transplantation
Publisher: American Society of Hematology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3139384
Provided by: PubMed Central
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