Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Design activities: how to analyze cognitive effort associated to cognitive treatments?

By N Bonnardel and A Piolat


Working memory issues are important in many real activities. Thus, measuring cognitive effort (or mental load) has been a main research topic for years in cognitive ergonomics, though no consensual method to study such aspect has been proposed. In addition, we argue that cognitive effort has to be related to an analysis of the evolution of cognitive processes, which has been called "time processing". Towards this end, we present and discuss paradigms that have been used for years to study writing activities and, in experiments reported in this paper, for studying design activities, such as computer-graphic tasks or web site desig

Topics: Cognitive Psychology
Year: 2003
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1979). A cognitive model of planning.
  2. (1986). A methodological assessment and evaluation of dual-task paradigms.
  3. (1996). A model of working memory in writing.
  4. (1986). An analysis and comparison of knowledge use in designing with and without doi
  5. (2001). Analysis of the use of computer media by expert and novice designers.
  6. (1999). Are writing processes activated sequentially or in parallel? The way to approprietly use Kellogg's three task method.
  7. (1973). Attention and effort.
  8. (1983). Cognitive effort in intentional and incidental learning.
  9. (1969). Cognitive processes and ill-defined problems: a case study from design.
  10. (1994). Computer-aided protocol analysis of writing processes.
  11. (1991). Critics: An emerging approach to knowledge-based human computer interaction.
  12. (2003). Designing web sites: Opportunistic actions and cognitive effort of lay-designers.
  13. (1994). Domain-oriented design environments. Automated software engineering
  14. (1982). Effects of prior knowledge use of cognitive capacity in three complex cognitive tasks.
  15. (1982). Effects of text structure on use of cognitive capacity during reading.
  16. (1987). Effects of topic knowledge on the allocation of processing line and cognitive effort to writing process.
  17. (1996). Exploring the central executive.
  18. (1993). Increasing shared understanding of a design task between designers and design environments: the role of a specification component, dissertation thesis.
  19. (1995). Is writing as difficult as it seems?
  20. (1990). Knowledge exploited by experts during software system design.
  21. (1996). L'activité de simulation d'un dessinateur CAO dans une tâche de conception [A CAD drawer's activity of simulation during a design task].
  22. (1999). L'évaluation réflexive dans la dynamique de l'activité du concepteur [Refexive evaluation in the dynamic of design activities]. In
  23. (1999). La conception de sites web: Une étude de l'adoption de points de vue [ Web site design: A study of the adoption of viewpoints].
  24. (1983). Le dessin d'architecte: simulation graphique et réduction d'incertitude [ The drawing of architect: graphical simulation and reduction of uncertainty].
  25. (1996). Le rôle des modèles et des outils pour l'aide à la coopération en conception [The role of models and tools for supporting cooperation in design].
  26. (1986). Le travail de conception en architecture: Contraintes et perspectives apportées par le CAO [The design work in architecture: Constraints and perspectives brought by CAD]. Le Travail Humain,
  27. (1988). Modeling opportunistic reasonings: the cognitive activity of traffic signal setting technicians. INRIA Research report no.
  28. (1990). More or less following a plan during design: Opportunistic deviations in specification. doi
  29. (1994). Organisation of design activities: opportunistic, with hierarchical episodes. doi
  30. (1997). Regards sur l'activité en situation de travail [Views on the activity in working situation]. Toulouse: Octarès Editions.
  31. (2000). Studing cognitive effort and processes in computer graphics.
  32. (1996). Supporting evaluation in design.
  33. (2000). The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory?
  34. (1988). The role of domain experience in software design.
  35. (2002). The triple task technique for studying the processes of writing: Why and how?
  36. (1998). Viewpoint management for cooperative design.
  37. (2000). Working memory and the vividness of imagery.
  38. (1974). Working memory. In
  39. (1987). Writing performance: Effect of cognitive strategies.
  40. (2002). Writing with concurrent memory loads.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.