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Immunodominance of HLA-A2-Restricted Hepatitis C Virus-Specific CD8+ T Cell Responses Is Linked to Naïve-Precursor Frequency ▿

By Julia Schmidt, Christoph Neumann-Haefelin, Tayibe Altay, Emma Gostick, David A. Price, Volker Lohmann, Hubert E. Blum and Robert Thimme

Abstract

The impact of naïve-precursor frequency on human virus-specific CD8+ T cell immunodominance is not well understood. Using a recently developed major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I tetramer enrichment protocol, we found a conserved hierarchy and a >10-fold difference in naïve-precursor frequencies across three HLA-A2-restricted hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific epitopes. Importantly, the NS31406 epitope with the highest naïve-precursor frequency in healthy donors was also the most frequently targeted epitope in a large cohort of chronically HCV-infected patients, both ex vivo and after in vitro stimulation. These results indicate for the first time that immunodominance in a human viral infection is linked to naïve-precursor frequency

Topics: Pathogenesis and Immunity
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3126217
Provided by: PubMed Central
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