Article thumbnail

Role of Potash Alum in Hepatitis C virus Transmission at Barber's Shop

By Yasir Waheed, Sher Zaman Safi and Ishtiaq Qadri

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the main cause of severe liver disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma, cirrhosis and end stage liver disease. In Pakistan most of HCV positive patients have history of facial/armpit shaving from barbers. 79% of barbers are rubbing Potash Alum stone on facial shaving cuts. Dark blood spots are analyzed on Potash Alum stones being used at different barber shops. The aim of the study was to check the viability of hepatitis C virus on potash alum stone being used at barber shops. Blood samples from HCV positive patients were taken and treated with 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 molar concentrations of Potash Alum for different periods of time. Blood was centrifuged to isolate the serum; HCV RNA was extracted from serum and subjected to first strand synthesis and PCR. PCR fragments were confirmed by sequencing. PCR amplification was observed in all the samples, treated with different concentrations of Potash Alum, indicated that the virus remains alive on Potash Alum stone for a long period of time. Potash Alum being used by barbers on facial shaving cuts has definite role in HCV transmission in Pakistani population. Therefore use of Potash Alum stone should be banned on facial shaving cuts at barber shops

Topics: Short Report
Publisher: BioMed Central
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3112445
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2006). 10 Natural remedies of Arabia. http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/
  2. (2008). Awareness among barbers about health hazards associated with their profession.
  3. Awareness and risk factors associated with barbers in transmission of hepatitis
  4. (2008). Can Salons Spread Infection?
  5. (2009). HCV in Pakistani: A systematic review of prevalence genotypes and risk factors.
  6. (1996). Identification and properties of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of hepatitis C virus.
  7. (2004). Knowledge and Practices of Barbers about Hepatitis B and C Transmission in Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
  8. (2004). Organization, Department of Measurement and Health Information. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/ bodgbddeathdalyestimates.xls
  9. (2009). Organization, Pakistan country profile.
  10. (2005). Park textbook of preventive and social medicine. (Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot publishers India,
  11. (2004). Prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma.
  12. (2009). WHO Department of communicable diseases surveillance and response. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2002/ WHO_CDS_CSR_LYO_2002.2_HEPATITIS_B.pdf.