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Evaluation of Direct Immunofluorescence Test with PCR for Detection of Novel Influenza A (H1N1) Virus during 2009 Pandemic

By Jae Hoon Lee, Sae Ron Shin and Ji Hyun Cho


During the 2009 novel influenza (H1N1) pandemic, the sensitivity of direct immunofluorescence assay (DFA) for H1N1 infection was 62% (266/429) of that of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. The sensitivity of the DFA differed significantly with the age of patients: the sensitivity was the highest (71.8%) for patients aged <10 years and the lowest for patients aged ≥30 years. The sensitivity of DFA in patients aged ≥30 years was 40.7%. Furthermore, the sensitivity (67.3%, 171/254) of DFA was higher for patients who had a high temperature at admission. An increase in the incidence of H1N1 infection did not influence the sensitivity of DFA (62.1% vs. 62%; p=0.984) test, but resulted in a decrease in the negative predictive value, from 92.4% (700/757) to 69.6% (247/355). PCR may be useful as the initial test for diagnosing H1N1 infection in patients aged ≥30 years with a normal temperature at presentation

Topics: Brief Communication
Publisher: Yonsei University College of Medicine
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Provided by: PubMed Central

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