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Biomarkers of Radiosensitivity in A-Bomb Survivors Pregnant at the Time of Bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki

By Edward F. Miles, Yoshimi Tatsukawa, Sachiyo Funamoto, Naoko Kamada, Eiji Nakashima, Yoshiaki Kodama, Thomas Seed, Yoichiro Kusonoki, Kei Nakachi, Saeko Fujiwara, Masazumi Akahoshi and Kazuo Neriishi

Abstract

Purpose. There is evidence in the literature of increased maternal radiosensitivity during pregnancy. Materials and Methods. We tested this hypothesis using information from the atomic-bomb survivor cohort, that is, the Adult Health Study database at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, which contains data from a cohort of women who were pregnant at the time of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Previous evaluation has demonstrated long-term radiation dose-response effects. Results/Conclusions. Data on approximately 250 women were available to assess dose-response rates for serum cholesterol, white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and serum hemoglobin, and on approximately 85 women for stable chromosome aberrations, glycophorin A locus mutations, and naïve CD4 T-cell counts. Although there is no statistically significant evidence of increased radiosensitivity in pregnant women, the increased slope of the linear trend line in the third trimester with respect to stable chromosome aberrations is suggestive of an increased radiosensitivity

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: International Scholarly Research Network
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3103073
Provided by: PubMed Central

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