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Right Ventricular Function and Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement: Clinical Considerations and Outcomes

By Romeo Lainez, Gene Parrino and Michael Bates

Abstract

The HeartMate II is an axial-flow left ventricular assist device that is approved for the treatment of advanced heart failure as a bridge to transplant or destination therapy. Despite the success of this device, right ventricular failure remains a persistent problem in most studies. Right ventricular dysfunction is usually defined as the need for right heart mechanical support or the persistent requirement for inotropes to support right heart function beyond 14 days. Over 21 months, 45 patients with end-stage heart disease underwent placement of the HeartMate II at our institution. This continuous cohort of patients underwent a retrospective review to evaluate the incidence of right heart failure. The perioperative survival was 91% with no incidents of mechanical support for the right ventricle and no requirements for inotropes beyond 14 days. This survival was consistent to beyond 1 year at the time of the study, and 18% of patients underwent heart transplant with 100% survival

Topics: Article
Publisher: the Academic Division of Ochsner Clinic Foundation
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3096228
Provided by: PubMed Central
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