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Functional characterization and modified rescue of novel AE1 mutation R730C associated with overhydrated cation leak stomatocytosis

By Andrew K. Stewart, Prabhakar S. Kedar, Boris E. Shmukler, David H. Vandorpe, Ann Hsu, Bertil Glader, Alicia Rivera, Carlo Brugnara and Seth L. Alper

Abstract

We report the novel, heterozygous AE1 mutation R730C associated with dominant, overhydrated, cation leak stomatocytosis and well-compensated anemia. Parallel elevations of red blood cell cation leak and ouabain-sensitive Na+ efflux (pump activity) were apparently unaccompanied by increased erythroid cation channel-like activity, and defined ouabain-insensitive Na+ efflux pathways of nystatin-treated cells were reduced. Epitope-tagged AE1 R730C at the Xenopus laevis oocyte surface exhibited severely reduced Cl− transport insensitive to rescue by glycophorin A (GPA) coexpression or by methanethiosulfonate (MTS) treatment. AE1 mutant R730K preserved Cl− transport activity, but R730 substitution with I, E, or H inactivated Cl− transport. AE1 R730C expression substantially increased endogenous oocyte Na+-K+-ATPase-mediated 86Rb+ influx, but ouabain-insensitive flux was minimally increased and GPA-insensitive. The reduced AE1 R730C-mediated sulfate influx did not exhibit the wild-type pattern of stimulation by acidic extracellular pH (pHo) and, unexpectedly, was partially rescued by exposure to sodium 2-sulfonatoethyl methanethiosulfonate (MTSES) but not to 2-aminoethyl methanethiosulfonate hydrobromide (MTSEA) or 2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl methanethiosulfonate bromide (MTSET). AE1 R730E correspondingly exhibited acid pHo-stimulated sulfate uptake at rates exceeding those of wild-type AE1 and AE1 R730K, whereas mutants R730I and R730H were inactive and pHo insensitive. MTSES-treated oocytes expressing AE1 R730C and untreated oocytes expressing AE1 R730E also exhibited unprecedented stimulation of Cl− influx by acid pHo. Thus recombinant cation-leak stomatocytosis mutant AE1 R730C exhibits severely reduced anion transport unaccompanied by increased Rb+ and Li+ influxes. Selective rescue of acid pHo-stimulated sulfate uptake and conferral of acid pHo-stimulated Cl− influx, by AE1 R730E and MTSES-treated R730C, define residue R730 as critical to selectivity and regulation of anion transport by AE1

Topics: Membrane Transporters, Ion Channels and Pumps
Publisher: American Physiological Society
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3093938
Provided by: PubMed Central
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