Article thumbnail

Livelihood Security and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Low and Middle Income Settings: A Systematic Review

By Beth S. Rachlis, Edward J. Mills and Donald C. Cole
Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Public Library of Science
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles


  1. (2001). A comparison study of multiple measures of adherence to HIV protease inhibitors.
  2. (2006). A quantitative study of barriers & facilitators to adherence in an ART programme in South Africa.
  3. (2004). A systematic review of the content of critical appraisal tools.
  4. (2006). Access to adequate nutrition is a major potential obstacle to antiretroviral adherence among HIV-infected individuals in Rwanda.
  5. (2003). Adherence is not a barrier to successful antiretroviral therapy in South Africa.
  6. (2008). Adherence of HIV/AIDS patients to antiretroviral therapy in a tertiary health facility in Benin City.
  7. (2004). Adherence pattern to ARV drugs among patients on selfpurchased drugs and those on free medications
  8. (2008). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy & its determinants amongst HIV patients in India.
  9. (2009). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV patients in Bangalore India.
  10. (2006). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected subjects in resource-limited setting in the Niger Delta of Nigeria.
  11. (2006). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy among Indian HIV-infected persons seeking care in the private sector
  12. (2006). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a population of the low-income suburbs of Buenos Livelihood and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy
  13. (2006). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults
  14. (2004). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults in Soweto, South Africa.
  15. (2006). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa and North America. A metaanalysis.
  16. (2005). Adherence to antiretroviral therapy: merging the clinical and social course of AIDS.
  17. (1999). Adherence to combination antiretroviral therapies in HIV patients of low health literacy.
  18. (2002). Adherence to HAART among patients with HIV: breakthroughs and barriers
  19. (2003). Adherence to HAART and its principal determinants in a cohort of Senegalese adults.
  20. (2006). Adherence to HAART: a systematic review of developed and developing nation patient-reported barriers and facilitators.
  21. (2004). Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in the homeless population of San Francisco: A prospective study.
  22. (2005). Adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy in HIV+Ugandan patients purchasing therapy.
  23. (2003). Adherence to medication treatment: a qualitative study of facilitators and barriers among a diverse sample of HIV+ men and women in four
  24. (2009). Antiretroviral adherence in Rural Zambia; the first year of treatment availability.
  25. (2010). Antiretroviral therapy adherence and retention in care in middle-income and low-income countries: current status of knowledge and research priorities.
  26. (2004). Antiretroviral therapy adherence in Brazil.
  27. (2005). Barriers and facilitators to antiretroviral medication adherence among patients living with HIV in Chennai, India; A qualitative study
  28. (2003). Barriers to antiretroviral adherence for patients living with HIV infection and AIDS in Botswana.
  29. (2005). Compliance to antiretroviral therapy among AIDS patients in Amino Kano Teaching Hospital,
  30. (2009). Cost of treatment: the single biggest obstacle to HIV/AIDS treatment adherence in lower-middle class patients in
  31. (2010). Country Classification Table. Available: K2CKM78CC0.
  32. (1997). Decline in deaths from AIDS due to new antiretrovirals.
  33. (2007). Determinants of adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-1 infected patients in Cote D’Ivoire.
  34. (2009). Determinants of non-adherence to subsidized anti-retroviral treatment in southeast Nigeria.
  35. (2004). Determinants of short and long-term adherence to antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor settings.
  36. (2001). Does how you do depend on how you think you’ll do? A systematic review of the evidence for a relation between patients’ recovery expectations and health outcomes.
  37. (2005). Efficacy of antiretroviral therapy programs in resource-poor settings: A meta-analyses of the published literature.
  38. (2009). Explaining adherence successes in sub-Saharan Africa: an ethnographic study.
  39. (2008). Factors affecting antiretroviral drug adherence among HIV/AIDS adult patients attending HIV/AIDS clinic at Moi Teaching and referral hospital,
  40. (2007). Factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV/AIDS patients in rural China.
  41. (2002). Factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV/AIDS patients: a cross-sectional study in Southern Brazil.
  42. (2007). Factors related to HIV disclosure in 2 South African communities.
  43. (2009). Financial barriers to HIV treatment in Yaounde ´, Cameroon: first results of a national cross-sectional survey.
  44. (2009). Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS: current knowledge, gaps, and research priorities.
  45. (2008). Food insecurity is associated with incomplete HIV RNA suppression among homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals in San Francisco.
  46. (2008). Freitheim A
  47. (2003). HIV/AIDS, rural livelihoods and food security: understanding and responding.
  48. (2007). Inadequate adherence to antiretroviral treatment and prevention in hospital and community sites in Burkina Faso and Mali: a study by the ATARAO group.
  49. (2004). Is the influence of social desirability on patients’ self-reported adherence overrated?
  50. (2003). Is there a baseline CD4 count that precludes a survival response to modern antiretroviral therapy?
  51. (2009). It’s all the time in my mind’’: Facilitators of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a Tanzanian setting.
  52. (2006). Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS into livelihood and food security programs: The experience of
  53. (2000). Metaanalysis of observational studies in epidemiology. A proposal for reporting.
  54. (2006). Multisectoral HIV/AIDS approaches in Africa: How are they evolving?
  55. (2005). Non-adherence among patients initiating antiretroviral therapy: a challenge for health professionals in Brazil.
  56. (2001). Non-adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy predicts progression to AIDS.
  57. (2004). Nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive patients in Costa Rica.
  58. (2003). Nyasulu A
  59. (2007). Patterns of antiretroviral adherence among Kenyan patients and factors related to non-adherence during the first year of treatment.
  60. (2006). Practical and conceptual challenges in measuring antiretroviral adherence.
  61. (2008). Predictors of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in rural Zambia.
  62. (2007). Predictors of incomplete adherence, virologic failure, and antiviral drug resistance among HIV-infected adults receiving antiretroviral therapy in Tanzania.
  63. (2005). Quality of life in HIV-infected individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy is related to adherence.
  64. (2006). Reasons for unsatisfactory acceptance of antiretroviral treatment in the urban Kibera slum,
  65. (2010). Resource Unit. Critical appraisal skills programme: making sense of evidence. 12 Questions to help you make sense of a cohort study.
  66. (2009). Risk factors for non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Rev Inst Med Trop S.
  67. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control.
  68. (2008). Self-reported adverse effects as barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients in Pretoria.
  69. (2008). Social support and medication adherence in HIV disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
  70. (2007). Strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE): explanation and elaboration.
  71. (2005). Sustainable livelihood approach for assessing community resilience to climate change: case studies from Sudan. Assessments of Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change working paper No 17.
  72. (2004). Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets. London,
  73. (1998). Sustainable Rural Livelihoods-what contributions can we make?
  74. (2007). Ten myths and one truth about generalised HIV epidemics.
  75. (2009). The association between food insecurity and mortality among HIV-infected individuals on HAART.
  76. (2007). The mean levels of adherence and factors contributing to non-adherence in patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  77. (2007). The poverty-HIV/AIDS nexus in Africa: a livelihood approach.
  78. (2008). The relationship of acceptance or denial of HIV-status to antiretroviral adherence among adult HIV patients in urban Botswana.
  79. (2008). The strengthening of reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement guidelines for reporting observational studies.
  80. (2002). Thinking with the livelihood framework in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Research paper,
  81. (2010). Transportation costs impeded sustained adherence and access to HAART in a clinic population in Southwestern Uganda: a qualitative study.
  82. (2001). Trust and the acceptance of and adherence to antiretroviral therapy.
  83. (2003). Whiteside A
  84. (2008). World Health Organization