Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Immunoregulatory Cytokines Are Associated with Protection from Immunopathology following Mycobacterium avium Subspecies paratuberculosis Infection in Red Deer▿

By M. W. Robinson, R. O'Brien, C. G. Mackintosh, R. G. Clark and J. F. T. Griffin


Although the causative agent of Johne's disease, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, is well known, the etiology of disease and the immune responses generated in response to infection are still poorly understood. Knowledge of definitive markers of protective immunity, infection, and the establishment of chronic granulomatous Johne's disease is necessary to advance vaccine and diagnostic development. We sought to profile the immune responses occurring within jejunal lymph nodes of experimentally challenged red deer (Cervus elaphus). Quantitative PCR was utilized to measure a range of cytokines, signaling molecules, and transcription factors involved in Th1, Th2, Treg, and Th17 immune responses. Significant differences in gene expression were observed between control, minimally diseased, and severely diseased animals, with severely diseased animals showing elevated proinflammatory transcripts and reduced anti-inflammatory transcripts. We identified a proinflammatory cytokine milieu of gamma interferon, interleukin-1α (IL-1α), and IL-17, which may contribute to the immunopathology observed during clinical Johne's disease and suggest that Th2 and Treg immune responses may play an important role in controlling the development of immunopathology in infected animals

Topics: Host Response and Inflammation
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.g... (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.