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Time trends and latitude dependence of uveal and cutaneous malignant melanoma induced by solar radiation

By Johan Moan, Emanuela Cicarma, Richard Setlow, Alina C Porojnicu, William B Grant and Asta Juzeniene

Abstract

In order to evaluate the role of solar radiation in uveal melanoma etiology, the time and latitude dependency of the incidence rates of this melanoma type were studied in comparison with those of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). Norway and several other countries with Caucasian populations were included. there is a marked north-south gradient of the incidence rates of CMM in Norway, with three times higher rates in the south than in the north. No such gradient is found for uveal melanoma. Similar findings have been published for CMM in other Caucasian populations, with the exception of Europe as a whole. In most populations the ratios of uveal melanoma incidence rates to those of CMM tend to decrease with increasing CMM rates. This is also true for Europe, in spite of the fact that in this region there is an inverse latitude gradient of CMM, with higher rates in the north than in the south

Topics: Report
Publisher: Landes Bioscience
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3084958
Provided by: PubMed Central
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