Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Suppressing Visual Feedback in written composition: Effects on Processing Demands and Coordination of the Writing

By Olive Thierry and Piolat Annie

Abstract

The goal of this experiment was to investigate the role of visual feedback during written composition. Effects of suppression of visual feedback were analyzed both on processing demands and on on-line coordination of low-level execution processes and of high-level conceptual and linguistic processes. Writers composed a text and copied it either with or without visual feedback. Processing demands of the writing processes were evaluated with reaction times to secondary auditory probes, which were analyzed according to whether participants were handwriting (in a composing and a copying task) or engaged in high-level processes (when pausing in a composing task). Suppression of visual feedback increased reaction time interference (secondary reaction time minus baseline reaction time) during handwriting in the copying task and not during pauses in the composing task. This suggests that suppression of visual feedback only affected processing demands of execution processes and not those of high-level conceptual and linguistic processes. This is confirmed by analysis of the quality of the texts produced by participants, which were little, if at all, affected by the suppression of visual feedback. Results also indicate that the increase in processing demands of execution related to suppression of visual feedback affected on-line coordination of the writing processes. Indeed, when visual feedback was suppressed, reaction time interferences associated with handwriting were not reliably different in the copying task or the composing task but were significantly different when visual feedback was not suppressed: They were lower in the copying task than in the composition task. When visual feedback was suppressed, writers activated step-by-step execution processes and high-level writing processes, whereas they concurrently activated these writing processes when composing with visual feedback

Topics: Cognitive Psychology
Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:cogprints.org:3177

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1996). A model of working memory in writing.
  2. (1996). A review of handwriting research: Progress and prospects from
  3. (1988). Adapting to processing demands in discourse production: The case of handwriting.
  4. (1987). Afferent" dysgraphia in a patient and in normal subjects.
  5. (1996). Charge mentale et mobilisation des processus rédactionnels : Examen de la procédure de Kellogg [Cognitive load and activation of the writing processes: Assessing Kellogg's method].
  6. (2000). Comment étudier le coût et le déroulement de la rédaction de textes? La méthode de tripletâche: Un bilan méthodologique [ How to study the cost and unfolding of text composition? The triple task method]. L'Année Psychologique,
  7. (1993). Does the production of letter strokes in handwriting benefits from vision? doi
  8. (1995). Ecrire. Approches cognitive, neuropsychologique et développementale [Writing: Cognitive, neuropsychological and developmental approaches]. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  9. (1996). Effects of re-reading suppression on the temporal parameters in text production.
  10. (1996). Effects of reduced visual feedback on writing. Graphic presentation at the
  11. (1987). Effects of topic knowledge on the allocation of processing time and cognitive effort to writing processes.
  12. (1980). Experiments on composing letters: Some facts, some myths, and some observations.
  13. (2000). Foundations of argumentative text processing.
  14. (1987). Functions of vision in the control of handwriting. doi
  15. (1996). Graphic presentation at the
  16. (1991). Handwriting: Issues for a psychomotor theory. doi
  17. (1980). Identifying the organization of the writing processes.
  18. (1982). Integration and involvement in speaking, writing and oral literature. In
  19. (1983). Interrupting visual feedback in writing.
  20. (1994). Is written language production more difficult than oral language production? A working memory approach.
  21. (1988). Normal writing processes and peripheral acquired dysgraphias.
  22. (1999). On visual feedback in writing by 10-12-year-olds: An on-line approach.
  23. (1999). Scriptkell: A computer assisted tool for measuring the relative distribution of time and cognitive effort in writing and other tasks. doi
  24. (1981). The evolution of text: The interrelation of reading and writing in the composing process. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation,
  25. (1994). The psychology of writing.
  26. (1989). The role of short-term memory and the motor buffer in handwriting under visual and nonvisual guidance. In
  27. (1992). The role of vision in the temporal and spatial control of handwriting. doi
  28. (1999). Verbal modes of knowledge diagnosis: The writing superiority effect.
  29. (1999). Writing: From on-line management problems to strategies. In

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.