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Ethanol Enhances Carbachol-induced Protease Activation and Accelerates Ca2+ Waves in Isolated Rat Pancreatic Acini*

By Abrahim I. Orabi, Ahsan U. Shah, Kamaldeen Muili, Yuhuan Luo, Syeda Maham Mahmood, Asim Ahmad, Anamika Reed and Sohail Z. Husain


Alcohol abuse is a leading cause of pancreatitis, accounting for 30% of acute cases and 70–90% of chronic cases, yet the mechanisms leading to alcohol-associated pancreatic injury are unclear. An early and critical feature of pancreatitis is the aberrant signaling of Ca2+ within the pancreatic acinar cell. An important conductor of this Ca2+ is the basolaterally localized, intracellular Ca2+ channel ryanodine receptor (RYR). In this study, we examined the effect of ethanol on mediating both pathologic intra-acinar protease activation, a precursor to pancreatitis, as well as RYR Ca2+ signals. We hypothesized that ethanol sensitizes the acinar cell to protease activation by modulating RYR Ca2+. Acinar cells were freshly isolated from rat, pretreated with ethanol, and stimulated with the muscarinic agonist carbachol (1 μm). Ethanol caused a doubling in the carbachol-induced activation of the proteases trypsin and chymotrypsin (p < 0.02). The RYR inhibitor dantrolene abrogated the enhancement of trypsin and chymotrypsin activity by ethanol (p < 0.005 for both proteases). Further, ethanol accelerated the speed of the apical to basolateral Ca2+ wave from 9 to 18 μm/s (p < 0.0005; n = 18–22 cells/group); an increase in Ca2+ wave speed was also observed with a change from physiologic concentrations of carbachol (1 μm) to a supraphysiologic concentration (1 mm) that leads to protease activation. Dantrolene abrogated the ethanol-induced acceleration of wave speed (p < 0.05; n = 10–16 cells/group). Our results suggest that the enhancement of pathologic protease activation by ethanol is dependent on the RYR and that a novel mechanism for this enhancement may involve RYR-mediated acceleration of Ca2+ waves

Topics: Cell Biology
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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