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Comparison of a Live Attenuated 2009 H1N1 Vaccine with Seasonal Influenza Vaccines against 2009 Pandemic H1N1 Virus Infection in Mice and Ferrets

By Grace L. Chen, Ji-Young Min, Elaine W. Lamirande, Celia Santos, Hong Jin, George Kemble and Kanta Subbarao


The role of seasonal influenza vaccination in pandemic influenza A H1N1 disease is important to address, because a large segment of the population is vaccinated annually. We administered 1 or 2 doses of pandemic H1N1 vaccine (CA/7 ca), a seasonal trivalent inactivated (s-TIV), or live attenuated influenza vaccine (s-LAIV) to mice and ferrets and subsequently challenged them with a pandemic H1N1 virus. In both species, CA/7 ca was immunogenic and conferred complete protection against challenge. s-TIV did not confer protection in either animal model, and s-LAIV did not confer any protection in ferrets. In mice, 2 doses of s-LAIV led to complete protection in the upper respiratory tract and partial protection in the lungs. Our data indicate that vaccination with the seasonal influenza vaccines did not confer complete protection in the lower respiratory tract in either animal model, whereas the CA/7 ca vaccine conferred complete protection in both animal models

Topics: Major Articles and Brief Reports
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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