Rapid Identification of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex by Combining the ESAT-6/CFP-10 Immunochromatographic Assay and Smear Morphology▿


Early secretory antigen 6 (ESAT-6) and cell filtrate protein 10 (CFP-10) are two antigens secreted as a complex by the replicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC). Recently, an immunochromatographic assay (ICA) using a monoclonal antibody against the ESAT-6/CFP-10 complex was developed for the purpose of MTC detection. In this study, the efficacy of the assay was tested with 603 BACTEC cultures that were incubated for 3 additional days after positive signals appeared in the BACTEC MGIT 960 system. Bacterial isolates were recovered from these 603 BACTEC cultures, and 332 MTC isolates, 270 nontuberculosis mycobacterial isolates, and 1 Nocardia isolate were identified by using standard biochemical assays. The ESAT-6/CFP-10 assay detected 322 MTC cultures, resulting in a sensitivity of 97% and a specificity of 97.4%. To reduce the false-negative rate and improve the sensitivity, either serpentine cording in an acid-fast bacillus stain of the cultural smear, the ESAT-6/CFP-10 assay, or a combination of both was used for MTC detection. The sensitivity was then increased to 99.1%, and the negative predictive value increased to 98.9%, but the specificity decreased to 94.8% and the positive predictive value decreased to 95.9%. However, a combination of serpentine cording in cultural smears and the positivity of the ICA resulted in the specificity and positive predictive values of 100%. Therefore, BACTEC cultures with both serpentine cording and positivity of the ESAT-6/CFP-10 assay could be reported to contain MTC directly. The ESAT-6/CFP-10 assay may be an alternative of the Capilia assay (MPB64-ICA) as a convenient and cost-effective method for identification of MTC in culture

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