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Efficacy of vancomycin-beta-lactam combinations against heterogeneously vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (hetero-VRSA).

By Yeon Sook Kim, Sungmin Kiem, Hwan-Jung Yun, Sook In Jung, Won Sup Oh, Shin-Woo Kim, Kyong Ran Peck, Nam Yong Lee and Jae-Hoon Song

Abstract

There have been conflicting data about the interactions between vancomycin and beta-lactam agents against Staphylococcus aureus strains with heterogeneous resistance to vancomycin. We evaluated the efficacy of these combinations against Mu 3 and heterogeneously vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (hetero-VRSA) strains which were isolated from Korean patients using a population analysis method. Antagonistic effects were observed when less than 1 g/mL of beta-lactam antibiotics was combined with vancomycin, whereas synergistic effects were noticed with more than 4 microgram/mL of beta-lactam antibiotics. The antagonistic effects at low concentrations of beta-lactams were most prominent at 2 microgram/mL of vancomycin, which were the vancomycin MICs of tested hetero-VRSA strains. This study showed the variable effects of vancomycin- beta-lactam combinations depending on the concentrations of beta-lactam antibiotics and this property could be used to develop screening methods for hetero-VRSA strains

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3055038
Provided by: PubMed Central

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