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Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome in two siblings diagnosed by the clinical features and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

By D. W. Kim, Y. Choi, K. J. Kim, T. S. Ko, Y. S. Hwang and I. W. Kim


Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome (HSS) is a heredodegenerative disorder characterized by both progressive pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs, dysarthric speech, and mental deterioration. No diagnostic biochemical test is yet available, and diagnosis of HSS can be confirmed only at autopsy by the characteristic neuropathology including abnormal iron storage, disordered myelination, and loss of brain substance. We present two siblings with clinical features consistent with HSS, in whom magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated the deposition of iron in the globus pallidus and the substantia nigra thus allowing an antemortem diagnosis of HSS

Topics: Research Article
Publisher: Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
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Provided by: PubMed Central

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