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Phytocontact dermatitis due to Ranunculus arvensis mimicking burn injury: report of three cases and literature review

By Sami Akbulut, Heybet Semur, Ozkan Kose, Ayhan Ozhasenekler, Mustafa Celiktas, Murat Basbug and Yusuf Yagmur

Abstract

Ranunculus arvensis (corn buttercup) is a plant species of the genus Ranunculus that is frequently used in the Far East to treat rheumatic diseases and several dermatological disorders. In Turkey, the plant is seen in the eastern and southeastern Anatolian highlands, which are underdeveloped areas of the country. Herein, we report three patients who used Ranunculus arvensis for the treatment of arthralgia and osteoarthritis. A distinctive phytodermatitis developed on the right thumb in one patient (48-year-old male), on the anterior aspect of both knees in another patient (70-year-old female) and all around both knees in a third (59-year-old female). The patients were treated with topical antibiotics and daily wound dressing, and none of them experienced any complications. Ranunculus arvensis was confirmed as the cause of the phytodermatitis in the three cases. Poultices of plants applied to the skin demonstrate beneficial effects on many dermatological and rheumatic diseases; however, they have several adverse effects that should not be ignored. In this study, we also present a review of 25 cases reported in the literature

Topics: Review
Publisher: Springer
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:3051894
Provided by: PubMed Central

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