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Differential effects of midazolam and zolpidem on sleep-wake states and epileptic activity in WAG/Rij rats

By H. Depoortere, D. Francon, E.L.J.M. van Luijtelaar, W.H.I.M. Drinkenburg and A.M.L. Coenen

Abstract

Hypnotic drugs are known to possess antiepileptic activity. Therefore, the effects of the benzodiazepine hypnotic midazolam (10 mg/kg) and the novel imidazopyridine hypnotic zolpidem (10 mg/kg) on sleep-wake states and on the number of spike-wave discharges were evaluated in WAG/Rij rats. Rats of this strain are considered to be a model for generalized absence epilepsy. Animals were implanted with chronic monopolar EEG electrodes and, after recovery from surgery, the EEG was recorded for 6 h during the dark period on 3 consecutive days. Sleep recordings were analyzed using Hjorth's parameters and number and duration of spike-wave discharges were visually determined. It was found that both drugs facilitated nonREM sleep at the cost of wakefulness. Both hypnotics also reduced the number and duration of spike-wave discharges. The initial decrease after midazolam, however, was followed by a rebound reflecting a poorer quality of vigilance expressed as an increase in spike-wave discharges. The strong antiabsence activity of zolpidem mimics that of midazolam and is well correlated with their equipotent hypnotic action and anticonvulsant effect in the isoniazid test

Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1016/0091-3057(95)00091-a
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Provided by: NARCIS
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