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Modeling aqueous solvation with semi-explicit assembly

By Christopher J. Fennell, Charles W. Kehoe and Ken A. Dill


We describe a computational solvation model called semi-explicit assembly (SEA). SEA water captures much of the physics of explicit-solvent models but with computational speeds approaching those of implicit-solvent models. We use an explicit-water model to precompute properties of water solvation shells around simple spheres, then assemble a solute’s solvation shell by combining the shells of these spheres. SEA improves upon implicit-solvent models of solvation free energies by accounting for local solute curvature, accounting for near-neighbor nonadditivities, and treating water’s dipole as being asymmetrical with respect to positive or negative solute charges. SEA does not involve parameter fitting, because parameters come from the given underlying explicit-solvation model. SEA is about as accurate as explicit simulations as shown by comparisons against four different homologous alkyl series, a set of 504 varied solutes, solutes taken retrospectively from two solvation-prediction events, and a hypothetical polar-solute series, and SEA is about 100-fold faster than Poisson–Boltzmann calculations

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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