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Marine Fisheries Policy Series-7; Conservation and\ud sustainable use of sea cucumber resources in India\ud suggestions and way forward

By P S Asha, K Vinod, L Ranjith, B Johnson and E Vivekanandan


Sea cucumbers are prime seafood resources, harvested throughout the world for the preparation of a dried product ‘beche-de-mer’, besides other health products. However, in recent years, the wild population of sea cucumbers is on the decline due to the increasing market demand and the consequent over-harvest of resources. The global scenario of stock decline was witnessed in Indian waters too in the early 1980s, and as a regulatory measure, the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF & CC), Government of India implemented a size regulation on the export of ‘beche-de-mer’ in 1982. As this regulation was not very effective, the Government imposed a blanket ban in the year 2001, and listed all species of holothurians under the Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, thereby putting an end to the sea cucumber fishery and trade from the country. In India, the fishery of sea cucumbers was restricted mainly to the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay, along the south-east coast and the moratorium imposed by the Government affected scores of coastal communities whose livelihood was dependent on the collection, processing and trade of sea cucumbers

Topics: Marine Fishing, CMFRI Policy Series, Seacucumber, Policy
Publisher: ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Year: 2017
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