Stop-like modification of the dental fricative ∕ð∕: An acoustic analysis


This study concentrates on one of the commonly occurring phonetic variations in English: the stop-like modification of the dental fricative ∕ð∕. The variant exhibits a drastic change from the canonical ∕ð∕; the manner of articulation is changed from one that is fricative to one that is stop-like. Furthermore, the place of articulation of stop-like ∕ð∕ has been a point of uncertainty, leading to confusion between stop-like ∕ð∕ and ∕d/. In this study, acoustic and spectral moment measures were taken from 100 stop-like ∕ð∕ and 102 ∕d/ tokens produced by 59 male and 23 female speakers in the TIMIT corpus. Data analysis indicated that stop-like ∕ð∕ is significantly different from ∕d/ in burst amplitude, burst spectrum shape, burst peak frequency, second formant at following-vowel onset, and spectral moments. Moreover, the acoustic differences from ∕d/ are consistent with those expected for a dental stop-like ∕ð∕. Automatic classification experiments involving these acoustic measures suggested that they are salient in distinguishing stop-like ∕ð∕ from ∕d/

Similar works

This paper was published in PubMed Central.

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.