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Pyridoxine Administration Improves Behavioral and Anatomical Outcome after Unilateral Contusion Injury in the Rat

By Nicholas J. Kuypers and Michael R. Hoane

Abstract

The purpose of this project was to evaluate the preclinical efficacy of pyridoxine, or vitamin B6. Rats received a 3.0 mm unilateral controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury of the sensorimotor cortex or sham surgery. Treatment with vitamin B6 (600 or 300 mg/kg IP) or vehicle was administered at 30 min and 24 h post-CCI. Somatosensory dysfunction was evaluated with the vibrissae–forelimb placing and bilateral tactile adhesive removal tests. Sensorimotor dysfunction was evaluated with the locomotor placing and the forelimb asymmetry tests. On the forelimb asymmetry test both treatment groups displayed no asymmetry bias on any of the testing days post-CCI and were statistically no different than the shams. Both vitamin B6 groups displayed a significant improvement in behavioral performance on the locomotor placing test compared to the vehicle-treated group. Administration of 600 mg/kg also significantly reduced tactile adhesive removal latencies on days 2, 4, 6, and 12 post-CCI. Both treatment groups were improved in their rate of recovery post-CCI on the vibrissae–forelimb placing test, but only the recovery seen in the 600-mg/kg group was significantly improved compared to vehicle. Finally, the 600-mg/kg dose resulted in significant cortical sparing compared to the vehicle-treated group. In general, the effects of vitamin B6 on recovery of function were dose-dependent, with the 600-mg/kg dose consistently showing greater recovery than the 300-mg/kg dose. More experimental analyses are warranted to evaluate the potential preclinical efficacy and mechanistic action of vitamin B6

Topics: Original Articles
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:2942865
Provided by: PubMed Central
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