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Hard Two-Photon Contribution to Elastic Lepton-Proton Scattering Determined by the OLYMPUS Experiment

By B.S. Henderson, L.D. Ice, D. Khaneft, C. O'Connor, R. Russell, A. Schmidt, J.C Bernauer, M. Kohl, N. Akopov, R. Alarcon, O. Ates, A. Avetisyan, R. Beck, S. Belostotski, J. Bessuille, F. Brinker, J.R. Calarco, V. Carassiti, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, R. De Leo, J. Diefenbach, T.W. Donnelly, K. Dow, G. Elbakian, P.D. Eversheim, S. Frullani, Ch. Funke, G. Gavrilov, B. Gläser, N. Görrissen, D.K. Hasell, J. Hauschildt, Ph. Hoffmeister, Y. Holler, E. Ihloff, A. Izotov, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, J. Kelsey, A. Kiselev, P. Klassen, A. Krivshich, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, D. Lenz, S. Lumsden, Y. Ma, F. Maas, H. Marukyan, O. Miklukho, R.G. Milner, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, Y. Naryshkin, R. Perez Benito, R. Perrino, R.P. Redwine, D. Rodríguez Piñeiro, G. Rosner, U. Schneekloth, B. Seitz, M. Statera, A. Thiel, H. Vardanyan, D. Veretennikov, C. Vidal, A. Winnebeck and V. Yeganov

Abstract

The OLYMPUS Collaboration reports on a precision measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic cross section ratio, R2γ, a direct measure of the contribution of hard two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. In the OLYMPUS measurement, 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams were directed through a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring at DESY. A toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight scintillators detected elastically scattered leptons in coincidence with recoiling protons over a scattering angle range of ≈20° to 80°. The relative luminosity between the two beam species was monitored using tracking telescopes of interleaved gas electron multiplier and multiwire proportional chamber detectors at 12°, as well as symmetric Møller or Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29°. A total integrated luminosity of 4.5 fb-1 was collected. In the extraction of R2γ, radiative effects were taken into account using a Monte Carlo generator to simulate the convolutions of internal bremsstrahlung with experiment-specific conditions such as detector acceptance and reconstruction efficiency. The resulting values of R2γ, presented here for a wide range of virtual photon polarization 0.456<ϵ<0.978, are smaller than some hadronic two-photon exchange calculations predict, but are in reasonable agreement with a subtracted dispersion model and a phenomenological fit to the form factor data

Topics: Physics and Astronomy (all)
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.092501
OAI identifier: oai:iris.unife.it:11392/2368472
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